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Chapter 6

Bicameral A legslature consisting of two parts, or houses
Census A population count taken by the Census Bureau
Constituent A person from a legislator's district
Gerrymander An oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
Majority Party in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong
Minority Party in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which fewer than half the members belong
Standing Committee Permanent committee that continues work from session to session in its Congress
Seniority Years of service, which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members
Expressed Powers Powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the constintution
Implied Powers Powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution
Elastic Cause clause that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper"
Impeach to accuse government officials of misconduct in office
Writ of Habeas Corpus a court order that requires police to bring prisoner into court to question why they have the prisoner
Bill of Attainder A law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
Ex Post Facto Law A law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law
Franking Privelage The right of senators and reps to send job-related mail
Lobbyist Representative of a group that wants to directly influence their policy making.
Casework The work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
Pork-Barrel Project government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or state
Joint Resolution a resolution passed by both houses of congress
Special-Interest Group an organization of people with common interest that try to influence government
Filibuster tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate
Cloture A procedure used in the Senate to limit debate on a bill.
Voice Vote Voting in which "yea" or "no" is used
Standing Vote when members stand to vote for a bill
Roll-Call Vote members voice votes in turn
Veto refusal to sign a bill or resolution
Pocket Veto presidents power to kill a bill
Created by: richardsanchez