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IGHS literary terms

literary terms

fiction narrative writing about imaginary people, places and events
short story work of fiction to be read in one sitting; it has one conflict, few characters, limited details
characters people or animals who take part in the action
round character personality of the character is more developed; we know more about how the character thinks
flat character only part of the character's personality is revealed
dynamic character character changes during the story usually as a result of the conflict
static character character does not change during the course of the story
stock character character who fits a fixed or conventional type of personality (ex. wicked stepmother)
protagonist main character of the story, not always a "good guy"
antagonist force against the main character (protagonist); not always a person, can be good or evil
foil character who provides a stricking contrast to another character
characterization techniques used by the writer to develop characters
setting refers to where and when the action of the story takes place- cultural references
plot plan of action, arrangements of events in a story; plot comes from conflict or struggle between opposing forces
theme the message of the story conveyed through character, meaning, and plot, "universal idea"
narrator the teller of the story
point of view how a story is narrated
first person point of view in his or her own words: "I"
third person point of view narrator is outside, onlooker: "his/her"
third person omniscient narrator is all-knowing an can see into the minds of others
external conflict conflict is between main character and someone/something
Man vs. Man conflict between two characters
Man vs. Society conflict between character and society
Man vs. Nature conflict between character and a storm, etc...
Man vs. Supernatural conflict between character and ghost, etc...
internal conflict Man vs. Self conflict is between opposing tendencies in a character's mind
interpersonal conflict between character and another or others
intrapersonal conflict conflict within the person
irony contrast between what seems to be and what actually is
situational irony what the character expects and what really is, are two different entities (things)
dramatic irony reader or viewer knows something the character does not know
verbal irony someone knowingly exaggerates or says one thing and means another
symbol person, place, or thing that stands for something beyond itself
surprise ending unexpected turn near the end of the story
dialect a special way of pronouncing or using language that is characteristic of a certain region or place
allusion a reference to another work of literature, person, place or event with which the reader should know
imagery five senses; use of words to create vivid sensory experience
suspense excitement or tension readers feel as they become involved with the story and want to know the resolution
foreshadowing a writer's use of hints and clues that indicate events, which will occur later in the story
mood the feeling or atmosphere that the writer creates for the reader
flashback conversation, scene, or events that happened before the beginning of the story that interrupts the sequence of events
figurative language language that conveys ideas beyond ordinary meanings
style the way language is used in the story
pseudonym fake name assumed by the author
simile comparison using "like" or "as"
metaphor a direct comparison between two things that are essentially unalike
exposition background information on setting and characters
initial incident first event in a series of events that make up the plot of the story
rising action events between initial incident and crisis
crisis (climax) turning point, moment where interest and intensity are highest
falling action events in between crisis and resolution
resolution ending/conclusion; conflict is resolved
denouement French word "unknotting," mysteries unravel, final scene
Created by: ShirleyBuss