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Chapter 10 Terms

Roberts Class

TermDefinition
User Profile a collection of user data and settings
User Profile Namespace group of sub-folders
Registry a windows database
Initialization Files Windows keeps some data in text files here
Offline Files a folder where offline files are stored
Disk Cleanup deletes temporary files
Defragment to organize fragments or file parts
Cluster also known as a file allocation unit
File Allocation Unit group of whole sectors
Slack unused space at the end of clusters
Virtual Memory a page file used as memory
Pagefile.sys a hidden file stored in the root directory
System Image backup of the windows 7 image
System Protection automatically backs up system files and stores them on the hard drive
Restore Points snapshots of the system
System Restore restores the system to a previous restore point
Sector data records
Low-level Formatting sector marking used to organize the drive
Partitions a drive is divided into one or more partitions
Partition Table a map of the partitions
Master Boot Record (MBR) where the partition table is stored
Primary Partition a drive can be divided into as many as 3 primary partitions
Extended Partition the 4th partition
Logical Drives is housed by the extended partition
File System overall structure of an OS
Formatting root directory on a file system
High-Level format similar to regular formatting
Active Partition one of the primary partitions
System Partitions normally called the C;, drive
Boot Partition where the windows OS is stored
CDFS (Compact Disc File System) is an older file system used by optical discs
UDF (Universal Disc Format) CDFS was replaced by UDF
Elevated Command Prompt running CMD. as an admin
(FAT) File Allocation Table keeps records of all the clusters
(MFT) Master File Table The NTFS file system uses a database to hold similar info
Fragmented Files the defrag command scans for fragmented files
Quick Format does not scan the volume for bad sectors
Basic Disk a single hard drive that works independantly
(GUID) Globally Unique Identifier Partition Table also called the master boot record
Mounted Drive can be accessed by way of a folder
Mount Point the C;\ Projects folder is called the mount point
Dynamic Disk can work with additional hard drives
Dynamic Volume Where the dynamic disk data is stored
Simple Volume is stored on only one hard drive
RAID (redundant array of inexpensive disks) the technology that configures two or more hard drives
Striping or RAID joining hard drives together to improve performance
Hardware RAID a more reliable way of configuring raid is to use BIOS settings on a mother board
Mirroring or RAID 1 mirroring 1 hard drives in windows XP
Created by: 1019660571411816