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Infection Control P1

Microorganisms/Microbes Small living organisms Not visible to the naked eye
pathogen germs or harmful microorganisms
nonpathogens non harmful micoorganisms
bacteria simple, one celled organism
bacteria multiply rapidly and classified by shape and arrangement.
Cocci (bacteria) round or spherical shape
bacilli (bacteria) rod-shaped
spirilla (bacteria) spiral or corkscrew shape (syphilis and cholera)
Antibiotics used to kill bacteria
antibiotic resistant when antibiotic no longer work against a bacteria
protozoa one-celled, animal-like organism
protozoa found in decayed material or contaminated water
Fungi simple, plant-like organism
fungi lives on dead organic matter
Antifungal medication used to kill fungi
Fungi yeast and mold
rickettsiae parasitic microorganisms, cannot live outside the cell of another living organism
rickettsiae transmitted to humans by bites of insects (fleas, lice, ticks, mites)
viruses smallest microorganisms
viruses must use electron microscopes
viruses must be inside another living cell to reproduce, very difficult to kill
Hepatitis B caused by HBV,
Hepatitis C caused by HVC, no vaccine,
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV),
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) suppresses the immune system
Hepatitis B transmitted by body secretions,
Hepatitis B affects the liver, vaccine in three injections.
Hepatitis C transmitted by blood and blood-containing body fluids
Hepatitis C can survive several days in dried blood.
Created by: ntgibson