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F & E CH1 Terms

Terms for Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
Albumin A major plasma protein, Draws H20 to it
Aldosterone Adrenal Gland hormone, Causes Kidneys to reabsorb NA(causing H20 to be pulled to vascular),[] urine, low UO.Anasarca
ADH Antidiuretic Hormone from Hypothalamus,Posterior pitituary stores & causes kidneys to return H20,Inc body water, [] urine, low UO
Colloids Large solute particles,ex:albumin or protein
Colloid osmotic pressure Movement of particles from area of higher {} to lower {} to = pressure
Electrolyte substance that when disolves in H20 takes on a charge (+ or -)
ECF Extracellular Fluid, outside of cells and in vascular sys
filtration Movement of fluid and solute through a membrane due to hydrostatic and osmotic pressure (membrane=cell wall or Capillaries)
free water hypotonic solution w/less electrolytes.Warer shifts by osmosis to ICF until = in both ICF and ECF
Hemoconcentration plasma is more {} than normal, higher SO
Hemodilution plasma is more dilute than normal, lower SO
Hydorstatis pressure pushing force of a fluid against the walls of the cell or vas sys
Hypertonic lower SO than normal
Hypervolemia Fluid vol excess or overload
Interstitial fluid , space that surrounds the cell & vasc space (called ECF)
Isotonic same SO as normal Plasma
Oncotic pressure Pulling force a solution has for H20 due to protien content
Osmolality {} of solute (particles) per kg/H20. Creates pulling power for H20
Osmolarity {} of solute (particles) per L/H20. Creates pulling power for H20
Osmotic pressure Pulling fore a solution has for H20 based on its SO.Higher SO=more pulling power for H20
Semipermeable membrane Cell wall or capillary that allows some particles to pass freely. usually small particles.
Specific Gravity of H20 a measure of {}. H20=1:1000 (no solutes)
Specific Gravity of Urine a measure of {}. Urine gravity=1.01 - 1.03 (Reflects SO)
Vascular Space space within the blood vessels.
Created by: Mr_Wynn