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CIT226 Ch 3 and 4

CIT226 Win Server Mgmt Chapters 3 and 4 - Local Storage and File Access

TermDefinition
Basic Disk The default type for new disks installed. Basic disks support the creation of simple volumes and up to four primary partitions or three primary partitions and 1 extended partition; the extended partition can contain any number of logical drives.
DiskPart Command-line tool used to manage partitions for both physical and virtual disks. It can be used to attach, expand, shrink, or detach drives.
Dynamic Disk Disk type that allows you to create specialized disk volumes such as spanned, striped, mirrored, and RAID-5 volumes. You can also create an almost unlimited number of volumes on the dynamic disk and can work with and upgrade without rebooting.
Fixed Provisioning An option configured when creating a virtual hard disk. The size specified for the virtual disk is allocated and committed at the time of creation.
GPT GUID partition table is a newer partition type used to create drives larger than 2 TB.
MBR Master Boot Record is an older partition type that is used to create drives up to 2 TB.
Mount The task of attaching a drive to the operating system so that its contents can be accessed.
RAID Redundant Array of Independent Disks. Provides advanced storage capabilities to increase performance and/or hardware resiliency.
Storage Pool Grouping of physical disks for the purpose of combining or pooling available storage.
Storage Space A portion of an overall storage pool that is defined by the size of a virtual disk.
Thin Provisioning An option configured while creating a virtual hard disk. The virtual hard disk starts small and grows as data is written. The VHD file grows up to the size of the physical disk containing it.
VHD Virtual hard disk refers to the formatting of a virtual hard drive. VHDs are available in legacy VHD format or new Server 2012 R2 VHDX format that supports larger drives.
Access Control List (ACL) A list of users and groups that can access an object such as a file, folder, or printer and the type of access granted.
Always offline mode A new Offline File mode in Win Server 2012 R2 that enables faster access to cached files and redirected folders in an AD DS environment.
File and Storage Services Role A server role that provides utilities that enable you to manage files, folders, and other shared resources. It’s installed by default when you install Win Server 2012 R2.
Network File System (NFS) Technology that enables UNIX to share files and apps across the network.
New Technology File System (NTFS) The file system originally provided with Windows NT and present in modern server versions that supports volume mounting, compression, encryption, and security.
NTFS Permissions The security feature available in NTFS that allows you to grant or deny various levels of access to files and folders on NTFS formatted volumes.
Offline Files A feature built in to Win Server 2012 R2/Win 8 that enables you to cache locally stored copies of shared files and folders, so that you can work with them while offline and resynchronize your changes when you go back.
Quota A specific limit configured. Disk quotas are used to limit user data stored on servers with the use of NTFS quotas.
Server Message Block (SMB) A network file sharing protocol that enables applications to read and write data and request information from programs on network servers.
Shared Folders Folders that are made available for access by users who are working at another computer on the network.
Shared Folder Permissions The security feature available when sharing files and folders across a network that allows you to grant or deny access rights to network users.
Snapshot Refers to the concept of creating a point-in-time copy of a file or virtual machine.
Synchronizing Files The act of copying files from a shared folder on the network to an offline files cache on a computer, or copying the same files back to the shared folder after a user has modified them.
VSS Volume Shadow Services refers to the infrastructure required to create copies of files on your server for the purpose of quick restores of previous versions.
Work Folders A new role service in the Win Server 2012 R2 File and Storage Services role that enables users to access data on a file server from any remote location without the need for a VPN connection.
Created by: Leisac