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Operating Systems

Chapter 7 Terms

TermDefinition
Active Directory A service that Microsoft developed for Windows domain networks and is included in most Windows Server operating systems as a set of processes and services
Administrator Account A local account designed to allow full control of the operating system. Built-in Administarator account is created by default
Answer File A file containing information which Windows requires for an unattended installation.
Batch File A file containing a series of OS commands.
Boot Loader Menu A startup menu that gives the user a choice of which OS to load.
Certificate of Authenticity Usually a sticker, placed on the device which identifies the Windows Version, and product key for versions older than Windows 8.
Clean Install Over-writes existing operating system and applications. Normally used with a new or recently erased hard drive.
Client/Server a network where resources are managed by centralized computers. the directory database is controlled by a Network Operating System.
Compatibility Mode A group of settings that can be applied to older drivers and applications to help them work in newer versions of Windows OS.
Custom Installation Allows for customization of a full Windows installation.
Device Manager List of all devices seen and used by Windows Operating system. Can view and resolve issues with devices, disable devices, upgrade, downgrade drivers, etc.
Disk Cloning Creates an exact copy of one disk or hard drive onto a new disk/hard drive.
Distribution Server a file server holding Windows setup files for installation on network computers.
Domain Logical Group of networked computers that share a cnetralized directory database of user account information and security for the entire group of computers. Is a type of Client/Server network.
Drive Imageing Creating an exact image of a hard drive. includes partition info, boot sector info, etc.
Dual Boot Also called Multiboot. Allows you to install the new OS without disturbing the old. Allows the ability to boot into either OS.
File System The overall structure which an OS uses to organize, name, and store files on a disk. (NTSF, Fat32, etc.)
Files and Settings Transfer Wizard Transfers Windows settings and files from one Windows installation to another.
Global Account Account used at domain level, created by administrator and stored in the security accounts manager (SAM) database. AKA domain user. account or network account.
High-Touch using a standard image Windows installation strategy which uses standard installation media. must be performed on local computer.
High-Touch with retail media All work done by a technician sitting at the computer. Recommended for fewer than 100 computers.
Homegroup Each computer shares files, folders,libraries and printers with other computers in the homegroup. provides less security than a workgroup because any computder in the homegroup can access other homegroup computers resources.
Image Deployment Installation of a standard image onto a computer.
ImageX Part of Windows AIK that is used to create and modify standard images.
In-Place Upgrade Windows installation that is launched from the Windows Desktop. Windows installation carries forward user settings and installed applications from the old OS to the new OS.
ISO Image An image file system used with CD/DvD roms.
Lite-Touch, high-volume deployment Uses a deployment server on the network to serve up the installation after a technician starts the process. files included are Windows, device drivers, and applications. collectively called distribution share.
Loadstate Command used by the user state migration tool (USMT) to copy user settings and data temporarily stored on a server or removable media to a new comp.
Local Account Windows user account that applies only to the local computer and cannot be used to access resources from other computers.
Logical Topology the logical way computers connect on a network
Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkit (MAP) used by technician to query computers in a network in a single scan. used to verify compatability of PC's for a Windows upgrade.
Multiboot Also called Multiboot. Allows you to install the new OS without disturbing the old. Allows the ability to boot into either OS.
OEM License Original Equipment Manufacturer. Only install on 1 machine. Microsoft Windows Support not included. Support comes from company that installed Windows, such as Dell, HP, ACER.
Partition A portion of a hard drive formatted to a specific size. Most commonly used with installing multiple OS's onto a single hard drive.
Peer to Peer (P2P) Network that is managed by each computer without centralized control. Forms a logical group of computers and users that share resources. Examples are: Homegroup and Workgroup.
Physical Topography the physical arrangement of connections between computers.
Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE - AKA Pre-Execution Environment) A bootable Windows Installation stored on a server in the network.
Product Activation Required by Microsoft to verify the validity of the Windows Operating System installed on the device. Activation time varies from 3 - 30 days, depending on OS version.
Programs And Features List of all installed applications in Windows. gives the ability to uninstall or modify applications. Can view and change features of a Windows OS.
Pull Automation an installation that requires a user to start the installation.
Push Automation An installation that a server automatically pushes the installation to a computer when a user is not likely to be sitting at the computer.
Remote Network Installation an automated installation where no user intervention is required.
Scanstate a command used by the USMT to copy user settings, applications, and data from an old computer to a server or removable media.
Setup BIOS Used to change Motherboard settings. Used to enable or disable a device on the motherboard, Ex. network port, video port, usb ports.
System BIOS Basic Input-Output System. Contains instructions for running essential hardware devices before an operating system is started.
Unattended Installation Technician not required to respond to prompts by setup program after Installation begins.
Upgrade Paths qualifying OS required by Microsoft to perform an in-place upgrade.
User State Migration Tool (USMT)
Virtual Machine (VM) Software that simulates the hardware of a physical computer. Can install and run multiple Operating Systems at the same time on a PC.
Windows 7 Enterprise Includes additional features over Professional. Bitlocker and multipule languages
Windows 7 Home Premium Most Common version. Similar to Home Basic includes additional features.
Windows 7 Professional Intended for business users. Multipule site licensing (Volume Licensing) available
Windows 7 Starter 32Bit only, intended for netbooks or in developing nations.
Windows 7 Ultimate Has all features of Windows 7. Single license purchase only.
Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK) Contains a group of tools used to deploy Windows in a large organization and contains the USMT.
Windows Easy Transfer Windows tool used to transfer user data from an older OS to new OS.
Windows Preinstallation Enviroment (Windows PE) a Minimum operating system used to start the installation. is included in Windows AIK and can be installed on a USB flash drive CD, or DVD Disk to make the device bootable.
Windows Vista Business Designed for Business users, includes support for a domain, group policy, and encrypted file system. consumer features such as movie maker are NOT included.
Windows Vista Enterprise Edition that expands on Vista Business. Adds security features such as BitLocker.
Windows Vista Home Basic Vista edition designed for low cost home systems that don't require full security and network features. does not include Aero Glass.
Windows Vista Home Premium Edition that includes more features than Home Basic. Includes Aero Glass, DVD maker, Media center, Sideshow, and backups.
Windows Vista Starter Edition with the most limited features. intended for use in developing nations.
Windows Vista Ultimate Edition that contains all features of Windows Vista. Multiple licensing not available.
Windows XP Home does not include Remote desktop, multi-languages, roaming profiles, and support for high-end CPU's.
Windows XP Professional includes Remote Desktop, roaming profiles, multi-languages, and enhanced security features.
Windows XP Media Center An enhanced version of XP Pro. Includes support for digital entertainment hardware.
Windows XP Professional 64bit can support up to 128gb memory,
Windows XP Tablet PC Edition designed for Notebooks and tablet PC's.
Windows XP Mode A Windows XP Enviroment installed in Windows 7 that can be used to support older applications.
Workgroup Each computer maintains a list of users and their rights on that particular PC. the computer allows access to local resources based on the rights that have been given.
Zero-Touch, High-Volume Deployment Does not require user to start the installation process. uses Push automation. server pushes the installation to a computer when a user is not likely to be sitting at it. Installation is automated and no user intervention is required.
Windows 7 Home Basic Limited Features, Only available and activated in under-developed countries.
Full Retail License Full version of Windows. Can be used to upgrade an existing installation or perform a clean install. Previous version of Windows is not needed. Contains 32 and 64bit versions. Can be purchased online or in a physical store. Has full Microsoft Support.
Upgrade Retail License Used to upgrade an installed version of Windows. Contains 32 and 64bit versions. can be purchased from physical store or online download. Has full Microsoft Support.
Windows Upgrade Advisor Verifies software and hardware compatibility of current Windows installation to the desired version of Windows.offers patches or fixes for a program or device so it can work with the newer version.
Startup BIOS Starts the computer and finds a boot device (hard drive, cd/dvd drive) that contains an operating system. Then turns the startup process over to the OS.