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Chapter 7 Terms

TermDefinition
Windows 7 Starter has very limited features and is only intended to be used on netbooks or in developing nations and only comes in 32 bit version
Windows 7 Home Basic has limited features and is only available only in underdeveloped countries and can only be activated in select countries
Windows 7 Home Premium similar to home basic but has additional features
Windows 7 Professional intended for business users you can purchase multiple site licenses using this license
Windows 7 Enterprise includes additional features over windows 7 professional and does not include windows dvd maker
Windows 7 Ultimate includes every Windows 7 feature you cannot purchase multiple licenses with this edition
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer License when buying windows 7 you can purchase a retail license called an OEM
System BIOS (basic input output system) contains instructions for running essential hardware devices before an operating system is started
Startup BIOS Starts the computer and finds a boot device ( hard drive, CD Device or USB flash drive) that contains an operating system
Setup BIOS used to change the motherboard settings
Dual Boot or Multiboot allows you to install the new OS on top on another one
Compatibility mode group of settings that can be applied to older drivers or applications that might cause them to work in windows 7
Windows XP Mode a windows XP enviroment installed in Windows 7 that can be used to support older applications
Partitions dividing a hard drive into multiple different sections
Virtual Machine (VM) software that simulates the hardware of a physical computer
Clean Install overwriting the existing operating system and applications
Custom Install also called a clean install
In-place Upgrade a windows installation that is a launched from the windows desktop and the installation carried forward user setting and installed applications from the old OS to the new one
upgrade paths microsoft requires that certain editions and versions of windows be installed these qualifying OS's are called upgrade path
Volume when a partition is formatted with a file system and assigned a drive letter
File system is the overall structure an OS uses to name store and organize files
Local Accounts windows supports two types of accounts standard accounts and administrator accounts, meaning they are only recognized by the local computer
Administrator account is created by default but is disabled by default
Peer-To-Peer (P2P) a homegroup and workgroup
Workgroup each computer maintains a list of users and their rights on that particular PC
Homegroup each computer shares files folders and libraries with other computers in their homegroup
Domain a logical group of networked computers that share a centralized directory database of user account info.
Client/Server a windows domain
Active directory windows server contols a network using the directory database
global account each user on the network must have have his own domain level account
Boot loader menu after installation when you boot with dual boot the boot loader menu appears and asks which OS you would like to use
Certificate of Authenticity the sticker on the back of a windows product with the product key on it
Product Activation it is windows way of ensuring that the OS that you are installing is a valid copy that was obtained legally and it wasnt pirated of the internet
Device Manager primary windows tool for managing hardware
Programs and features lists the programs installed on the machine
Windows Easy Transfer Windows 7 & Files and Setting Transfer Wizard Windows XP copys users data and settings from one computer to another
High-touch with retail media an installation strategy
Distribution server a computer that houses many different softwares so that they may be transfered to multiple other machines
User State Migration Tool (USMT) a command line tool that works only when the computer is a member of a windows domain
Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK) USMT is included in the AIK
High-Touch using a a standard image a strategy to install windows that uses a standard image for the installation
Standard Image is hardware independent meaning it can be installed on any computer
Drive Imaging or Disk Cloning cloning the entire hard drive onto another bootable device
Image Development installing a standard image on another computer
lite-touch high volume deployment uses a deployment server on the network to serve up the installation after a technician starts the process
Distribution Share the group of of files in the installation bundle in the windows OS
Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) is a minimum operating system used to start the installation
Preboot eXecution Enviroment (PXE) the startup BIOS screen
Unattended installation not answering the prompts during installation
Answer Files the administrator password is stored here
Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit to queue hundreds of computers in a single scan
Zero Touch High Volume Deployment a difficult set up stratagy
Pull Automation does not require the user to start the process
Push Animation the server automatically pushes the install to a computer
Remote Network Installation entirely automated no user intervention required
Scanstate copies settings and files from the source computer to a safe location
Loadstate applies the settings and files to the destination computer
Batch File contains a list of OS commands file extension .BAT
Created by: 1019660571411816