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Chapter 1

Civics and Economics chapter 1 definitions

Civics The study of rights and duties of citizens.
Citizenship Rights and duties of members of a state.
Service economy Where the majority of people earn their living by providing a service rather than manufactures.
Value Principles and beliefs people use to make judgments and decisions.
Popular Sovereignty The notion that power lies with the people.
Institution Set ideas people have of relationships, obligations, roles, and functions in society.
Naturalization A legal process to obtain citizenship.
Alien A non-citizen.
Immigrant A person who moves permanently to a new country.
Deport To send an alien or immigrant back to their country.
Government THe ruling authority for a community.
Public Policy Course of action the government takes in response to an issue/problem.
Budget A plan for making and spending money
Democracy A government in which citizens hold power to rule.
Direct democracy A form of democracy in which people vote first-hand.
Representative democracy A government where citizens pick a smaller group to govern their behalf.
Republic A representative democracy where citizens choose their lawmakers.
Monarchy A government with a hereditary single ruler.
Majority rule Political principle that a majority of people has the power to bind laws on the people.
Authoritarian A government where one person/group holds absolute power.
Totalitarian A system in which government control extends to almost all its people.
Created by: jackbeard7