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Sail Class

QuestionAnswer
When sailing always be aware of the winds ___ and ___. Speed and direction
The desirable force generated by the wind moving across the sail is called ___. Lift
The direction relative to the wind in which the sail boat cannot sail is called the ___ ___ ___. No sail zone
Sail boats can reach an upwind destination by sailing a ___ course. ZigZag
The point of sail at the edge of the no sail zone is called ___ ___. Close hauled (See diagram)
A boat sail across the wind is said to be ___. Reaching
Sail straight down wind is called ___. Running
As the sailboat direction changes relative to the wind so should the sail ___ to the wind be adjusted. Angle (or Trim)
The combination of the true wind and the wind created by the boats motion that we feel created by the boat is called ___ wind. Apperent
The ___ is an underwater fin fixed on the bottom of the sail boat that provide stability and lateral resistance. Keel
The sail boats direction through the water is control by the ___ which can be turned by means of ___ or ___. Rudder Tiller Steering wheel
The main sail should be raise when the sail boat is oriented ___ to ___. Head Wind
When turning the boat towards the wind the sails should be ___ in. Trimmed
When turning the boat away from the wind the sails should be ___. Eased out
Fluttering sails are said to be ___. Luffing
The best way to steer the boat on a straight course is to look towards the ___ and pick a ___ to steer towards. Shore Landmark
When you turn the bow of the boat toward the wind you are ___ ___. Heading up
When you turn the bow of the boat away from the wind you are ___ ___. Bearing away
The golden rule of sail trim is; when in ___ let it ___. Doubt Out
When the boat is stopped, pointed towards the wind with the sails luffing it is said to be ___ ___. In irons
When the wind is blowing on the port side, the boat is said to be sailing on a ___ ___. Port tack
When the wind is blowing on the starboard side the boat is said to be sailing on a ___ ___. Starboard tack
Turing the boat so the bow passed through the wind bring the wind to blow on the opposite side of the boat is called ___. Tacking
Change tacks by turning the boat so its stern passes through wind is called ___. Jibing
The helmsman's commands for tacking the boat (also called coming about) are called ___ ___and ___ ___. Ready about Helm's a-lee
The helmsman's commands for jibbing the boat are ___ to __ and __ ___. Prepare Jibe Jibe ho
To jibe safely it's very important to ___ the ___ ___in toward the center line as the boat bears into the run. Trim Main sail
Sailing on a run with the main sail and jibe on opposite sides of the boat is called sailing ___ on ___. Wind Wind
If the wind is on the same side of the boat as the main sail when sailing down wind the boat is said to be ___ by the ___. Sailing Lee
The danger of sailing by the lee is an increased risk of an ___ ___. Accidental jibe
Fastest way to change the sails power is to change its ___ to the ___. Angle Wind
The shape of the main sail may be changed by adjusting tension in the edges of the sail. The outhaul affects the ___. Foot
The shape of the main sail may be changed by adjusting tension in the edges of the sail. The halyard or down haul or Cunningham affects the ___. Luff
The shape of the main sail may be changed by adjusting tension in the edges of the sail. The boom Vang affects the ___. Leech
The outhaul changes the dept of the ___ of the main sail. Draft
Tightening the down haul or Cunningham moves the draft of the main sail ___. Forward
Tightening the ___ ___ holds the boom down on a down wind point of sail. Boom Vang
To get full power and optimum use out of the main sail, ___ it until it just starts to luff, then trim the main sail in so it just stops ___. Ease Luffing
Two ways to change the sail angel to the wind are 1.___ __ ___ 2.____ __ __ _____ ____. Ease or trim Head up or bear away
The tendency of the boat to head up toward the wind on its own is called ___ helm. Weather
The tendency of the boat to bear away from the wind on its own is called ___ helm. Lee
While sail close haul, four ways to decrease the heel of the boat are... a. Move the crew to the ___ side of the boat b. ___ ___ slightly into the edge of the no sail zone c. ___ the main ____ d. Move the ___ to leeward Windward Head up Ease the main sheet Traveler
Reducing the size of the sail so that less area is exposed to the wind is called ____. Reefing
When you want a break while sailing, you can make the boat lie ___-___. Hove-to
You heave-to by backing the ___, easing the ___, and putting the ___ to leeward. Jibe Main sail Tiller (or helm)
___ ___ is the dock line secures the bow of the boat to the dock. Bow line
___ ___ is the dock line that secures the stern of the boat to the dock. Stern line
___ ___ is the dock line that keeps the boat from moving aft. Forward spring
___ ___ is the dock line that keeps the boat from moving forward. Aft spring
___ are used to protect the haul from contact with the dock or other boats. Fender
The ideal point of sail on which to approach a mooring ball is on a ____ ____. Close reach
In the navigation rules, rule number 5 the look out rule, requires all vessels to maintain a proper look out using ___ and ___ and any other available means. Sight Hearing
It is the responsibility of every vessel operator to avoid a ___. Collision
The ___-___ vessel's obligation is to maintain ___ and speed. Stand-on Course
The ___-___ vessel is required to maneuver of the stand-on vessel. Give-way
A vessel over taking another a vessel must ___ ___ to the vessel being over taken. Give way
When two sailing vessel are approaching on opposite tacks the vessel with the wind on the ___ side is the stand-on Starboard
When two vessel are sailing with the wind on the same side, the vessel to ___ is the give-way vessel. Windward
When a sail boat has its engine running and in gear it is defined as a ___ ___ vessel regardless of whether the sails are raised. Power driven
A power boat not in a channel is restricted in its ability to maneuver should ___ ___ to a sail boat under sail unless the sail boat is ___ the power boat. Give-way overtaking
When two power driven vessels are meeting head on, ___ is the stand-on vessel. Instead, both vessels should alter course to ___ and pass port to port. Neither Starboard
In a crossing situation if power boat A see power boat B on its starboard side, then power boat A shall ___ ___. Give way
The give way vessel shall take ___ and ___ action to keep clear. If the give way vessel does not seem to be taking early or substantial enough action then the ___ ___ vessel must take action to avoid the collision. Early and Substantial Stand on
Nearly all vessels must be ___ with the state in which they operate, and are ___ through US coastguard documentation center. Registered Documented
There must be at least one type I. II. III. or V. ___ ___ on bored on board for ___ person. Life vest Each
Examples of visual distress signals include: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Flares Smoke signals Distress flag Electric distress light
A ___ ___ can serve as a sound producing devices. Air horn
Any sail boat under 26 feet of length with and engine must carry a ___ ___. Fire extingusher
A sailing vessel over 23 feet in length underway at night or in restricted visibility is required to display a ___ side light on port side, a green side light on the ___ side and a ____ light on the stern. Red Starboard White
When a sail boat 23 feet or linger is navigating at night its engine operating in gear it must also display a white ___ light in addition to the side lights and stern light. Streaming
The Federal limit is alcohol content is ___%. 0.08
In the aids to navigation system, a ___ is a floating aid anchored to the bottom. A beacon is a ___ mark and can be on land or in the water. Buoy Fixed
Lateral aids to navigation are identified by three features ___, ___, and ____. Color Shape Number
A way to remember on which side to keep the starboard hand (red) markers when entering a channel from seaward is the phrase ___ ___ ___. Red right returning
A ___ ___ buoy has red and white vertical stripes and is safe to pass on either side. Safe water
The first 2 steps in the procedure for recovering a crew member who has fallen over board is: a. Appoint some one as a ___ to keep the COB (Crew member Over Board) in sight. b. Throw ___ devices to the COB. Spotter Floatation
The last 2 steps in the procedure for recovering a crew member who has fallen over board is: c. Maneuver the boat back to the COB and approach on a ___ ___ point of d. Stop the boat by ___ the sails and bring the COB aboard. Close reach Luffing
The figure 8 recovery method works well on small boats since there is no ____, thereby reducing the risk of a second COB. Jibe
A float plan is an ____ plan to notify ____. Emergency Authorities
Created by: 0001060378