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Motor Speech Disorde

AG Glossary of Terms

QuestionAnswer
Activities of Daily Living includes such tasks as getting dressed, brushing teeth, and cooking ADL
a weakness in the wall of an artery wich balloons out in a bubble-like protrusion Aneurysm
Absence or lack of oxygen Anoxia
A loss or reduction of language skills due to brain injury Aphasia
A movement planning problem involving a disruption in sequencing of voluntary muscle movements. A transmission problem between the brain and the muscle. Apraxia
An external aid to functioning. ex: notebook, computer, typewriter or pictureboard used to help express daily needs assistive device
a muscle incoordination problem which esults in a jerky pattern of movement which can interfere with walking or daily living functioning. ataxia
The main life support control center of breathing, blood pressure, swallowing, and consciousness. connects the cerebral hemispheres with the spinal cord. brain stem
the main brain control center for the coordination of movements cerebellum
linked inseparably with language, it is the mental ability to attnd to, concentrate on, learn, remember, organize, and process information into a logical progression to define reality an to solve problems. cognition
the upper, outer layer of the brain, controlling sensation and movement, thinking and behaviour, as well as the association of these functions cortex
a group of speech disorders resulting from disturbed muscular control of the speech mechanism. The speech may be changed in speed, strength, range, or coordination. May affect breathing, voicing, resonation, and rhythm. dysarthria
a difficulty with swallowing dysphagia
weakness of one side of the body hemiparesis
paralysis of one side of the body hemiplegia
nonsensical words or sounds used in place of real words jargon
the sudden appearance of uncontrolled crying or laughing that is inappropriate to the situation. This is an impairment of emotional control due to brain injury. lability (labile)
speech, language or voice disordeers caused by injury or illness affecting the brain or other portions of the nervous system neurlogically based communication disorders
relating to iteraction between nerves and muscles neuromuscular
a course of treatment directed toward improvement of an impaired function rehabilitation
the mechanical production and molding of human sound into words using the muscles of the chest, throat, and mouth. This involves breathing, voicing, resonation, and rhythm. speech
a health care professional educated in the area of communication and its disabilities, who is qualified to diagnose and treat speech, language, cognitive, voice, and swallowing disorders speech language pathologist
that mental process that gives speech sounds meaning including understanding, thinking, talking, reading and writing. language
an interaction between two or more people which conveys a thought including speech, gestures, sign language, a look, a touch, body language, etc. communication
Created by: Aureole