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Chapter 3

Microbiology

QuestionAnswer
Passage fluids through a cell membrane is called Osmosis
Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be Aerobic
The destruction of bacteria by white cells during inflammatory process is called Phagocytosis
Bacteriostatic means to inhibit growth of microorganisms
Staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by Nose and Mouth
Microbial death occurs when an organism is No longer capable of reproduction
What immune protectionis available to the fetus Natural Passive
The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is Septicemia
The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens skin and mucous membrane linings
Rod-like shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as Bacilli
Herpes simplex is commonly called Cold sore
Clostridium tetani causes Lock Jaw
Alaboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is Gram stain
Which bacteria is commonly found in soil Clostridium tetani
A fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is Gas gangrene
A severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called anaphylactic shock
What organism is responsible for a boil S. Aureus
The organism most frequently found in burns is Pseudomonas aeruginosa
A bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is S. aureus
Which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene necrotic
Gas gangrene is caused by C perfringens
The bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disingection is Spores
A bacteria found in the intestinal tract is E.Coli
The burn classificaton that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is third
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a govermental regulation agency whose aim is to excute requirements designed to prevent transmission of blood-borne pathogens in the work enviroment
Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to vasodilation bringing more blood to the area
if tissue is approximated to tighly it can cause ischemia
The subtance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is Fibrinogen
Keloids are a raised, thickened scar
A wound that is infected or one in which there is excessive loss of tissue heals by SECONDARY INTENTION
The type of wound healing that requires debridment is THIRD
Wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called SECOND INTENTION
Which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV Saliva
A band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally seperate from each other is called Adhesions
Whaat spore is used to test steam under pressure (steam sterilization) Bacillus stearothermophilus
Hospital aquire infections are known as NOSOCOMIAL
MRSA can be trated by Vancomycin
What GRAM Stain turns RED at the end of the staining procedure Gram-negative
What living cells are more complex, have nuclei, and include protozoa, fungi, green, red, and brown algae Eukaryotic
Universal precautions is a previous policy, it is now called Standard precautions
The microbes that reside on the skin and are easily removed are referred to as transient
What is the classification of a wound that is indicated by a delayed closure THIRD INTENTION
Complications of wound closure when the organs protrude through the edges of the wound is Evisceration
Arrange the three phases of wound healing INFLAMMATION-PROLIFERATION-REMODELING
Tissue breakdown at the wound margings Dehiscene
A wound is described as ________ when there is a collection of pus around the incision suppurative
Created by: acortez87
 

 



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