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Art Final Exam

QuestionAnswer
What does the Modern Art Movement include It includes artistic works produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s
What did they do in the Modern Art Movement? They experimented with new ways of seeing and with fresh ideas about the nature of materials and functions of Art.
What caused Art to change in 1841? Art changed with the invention of cameras in 1841. Cameras became widely used in 1885 when George Eastman invented a camera that was easy to use. This gave artists more creative freedom.
List a famous modern art artist? Claude Monet
What is a line? An identifiable path
How is a line created? By a point moving in space
What dimension is a line? 1-dimensional
How can a line vary? It can very in width, direction, and length.
What does a line often do? It often defines edges of a form
What form does a line usually take. It can be horizontal, vertical, diagonal, straight, curved, thick or thin.
Where does a line usually lead your eyes? Around the piece
What does a line communicate? It can communicate info through their character and direction.
What does a curved line convey? Energy
What a horizontal line convey? the feeling of rest or repose
What does a diagonal line convey? the feeling of movement
What does a vertical line convey? It gives a sense of height.
What does a connected horizontal and vertical line convey? the feeling of stability
What is the element of art Shape? It defines objects in space
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is 2-D and form is 3-D
What is the difference between a geometric shape and an organic shape? A geometric shape is a nameable shape, as an organic shape is not nameable and is usually made up with connected curved lines.
What does Space created? It creates a 3-D feeling
What is negative space? The area around primary objects?
What is positive space? space occupied by primary objects?
What is value? The brightness of a color?
What is value usually used to create? Different moods
What does a dark value usually convey? mysterious or foreboding
What does a light value usually convey? happiness
What is tone? The strength of a color
What does a bright tone usually convey? Positive energy?
What does a dull tone usually convey? Sedate or a serious mood?
What is the elements of art, Textures? The surface quality of an object that we sense through touch.
Which objects have texture? All objects have texture?
How can texture be used? It can be used in 2-D and 3-D
What does texture show? it shows how it would feel if it were real
What forms could texture take on? Texture can be hard, soft, rough, smooth, hairy, leathery, or sharp
What are the warm colors? Reds, yellows, oranges, and everything in between.
What are the cold colors? Blues, greens, violets, and everything in between.
What are the primary colors? Red, yellow, and blue.
What are secondary colors? Orange, violet, and green
What are tertiary/intermediate colors? red-orange, red-violet, blue-violet, blue-green, yellow-green, and yellow-orange.
Where and when did art impressionism evolve? It evolved in France between 1860-1890
What does impressionism capture? the general impression of artists
What did impressionism artists use? They used unmixed primary colors and small strokes to stimulate actual reflection.
Characteristics of Impressionism Art pieces? usually they were scenes of daily leisurely activities, used loose brush strokes and pastel colors, lacked structured composition, and used natural lighting.
What were impressionism artists called? Rebels
How did impressionism artists paint? They painted "Plein Air" meaning outside and not in a studio
What are some impressionism artists and what are they famous for? Edouard Manet, leader; Claude Monet, good quality, yet fast works, looks unfinished; Pierre-Auguste Renoir; Edgard Degas, ballet; Mary Cassatt; Berth Monisot
What is proportion? Proportion is the principle of art concerned with size relationship of one part to anther.
How do you make a hierarchical scale. The bigger the person the higher the status
What is foreshortening? Foreshortening is the activity in which you shorten an object to make it look like it is extended.
What do we used foreshortening for? We use it to exaggerate and distort.
What does post mean in post-impressionism? Post means after.
What is a similarity of post-impressionism and impressionism? They both use intense colors.
What does Post-impressionism effect? it has a huge impact on Modern Art
Who gave Post-impressionism its name? Roger Fry in 1914
When did the Post-impressionism movement start? 1886-1892
What did post-impressionists think of impressionism? They though that it was too causual and naturalistic
What id post-impressionists want to convey more of in their pieces? Emotion
Who is Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec? A post-impressionism artist who is disabled and created posters. He is known as one of the first Graphic Designers. He did pieces on people who were outcasts. He was mostly influenced by Degas.
Who is Paul Cezanne? A post-impressionism artist who uses large block-like brushstrokes. He did his pieces on still life and landscapes. He used simplified forms.
Who is Vincent Van Gogh? A post-impressionism artist who uses swirls.
Who is George Seurat? A post-impressionism artist who uses pointillism.
Who is Paul Gauguin? A post-impressionism artist who uses a lot of symbolism and distorted space and color?
Who is Auguste Rodin? A post-impressionism artist
What is expressionism? any painting which projects the deep inner feelings and emotions of an artists, and which results in heightened color and deliberate distortion of form.
Who is Edvard Munch? A expressionism artist who as a child lost many family members, and had poor health. He met Van Gogh and his his pieces he usually showed death.
What was the Sick Child by Edvad Munch inspired by? His sister's death
What does the Scream by Edvard Munch show more of? It is more expressive then realistic
Who is Emil Nolde? An expressionism artist who was inspired by Van Gogh and was part of Bridge group.
Who is Chaim Soutine? An expressionism artist who was a poor russian Jew that lived through more than 3 wars. His pieces were generally about war.
What are the 4 ways of shading? Hitching, cross-hatching, pointilism, and blending
What does balance create? A feeling of stability
What does balance give an artwork? Visual weight
What does balance do to an artwork? It equalizes visual forces
How do you check balance? by using the central axis. It can be a point or line
What are the different types of balance? Symmetrical balance (formal), Asymmetrical balance (informal), and RAdial Balance
Created by: kaylee72sommers