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Endocrine Hormones

Identify endocrine hormones based on description.

TermDefinition
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Produced by and stored in the anterior pituitary. Released by anterior pituitary gland when stimulated by thyroid releasing hormone. Stimulates synthesis and secretion of thyroxine by thyroid gland.
Prolactin (PRL) Produced by and stored in anterior pituitary. Stimulates milk production by mammary glands.
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) Produced by and stored in the anterior pituitary. Targets the adrenal cortex. Stimulates the production of mineralocorticoids such as aldosterone and glucocorticoids such as cortisol as well as a few sex steroids.
Growth Hormone (GH) Produced by and stored in anterior pituitary. Targets many cells, including cells of soft tissues, bone, muscles and connective tissue. Stimulates general body growth by promoting increase in size and number of cells, promoting protein synthesis.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Produced by and stored in anterior pituitary. In males, targets interstitial cells of testis and stimulate testosterone production. In females, targets the ovary and stimulates ovulation as well as synthesis of estrogen and progesterone.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Produced by and stored in anterior pituitary. In males, targets Sertoli cells in testis and stimulates sperm production. In females, targets ovary and stimulates follicular growth.
Oxytocin Produced by hypothalamus and stored in posterior pituitary. Targets uterus and mammary glands. Stimulates uterine contractions during labour. Stimulates milk ejection.
Antidiruetic hormone (ADH) Produced by hypothalamus and stored in posterior pituitary. Target distal tubules and collecting ducts of nephrons in kidney. Increases water reabsorption to help maintain blood volume and blood pressure when stressed.
Thyroxine (T4) Produced by the thyroid gland. Targets many cells. Stimulates oxidation of sugar and nutrients, thereby increasing metabolic rate and promoting growth.
Thyroid-Releasing Hormone (TRH) Produced by and stored in hypothalamus. Targets anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates production and release of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) which, in turn, will stimulate the production of thyroxine.
Calcitonin Produced by the thyroid gland. Stimulates bones to absorb calcium, thereby lowering blood calcium levels.
Created by: ascyl