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Chapter 2

Anatomy and Physiology

QuestionAnswer
Which radiographyc procedure has the ability to make images in multiple planes MRI
The absence of a normal body opening, duct, or canal is atresia
Epistaxis can be defined as bleeding from the nose
Blood gas analysis ABG
A ganglion cyst collecting nerve endings
the lungs are covered in a serous membrane sac called Viseral pleura
the passageway for foods and liquids into digestive system, and for air into the repiratory system, is the Pharynx
the vocal cords are located in the larynx
the function of the trachea is to conduct air to and from the lungs
the nasal cavity is divided into two portions by the septum
the bones of the palm of the hand are referred to as metacarpals
the muscle important in repiration are intercostal
the thick fan-shape muscle that lies on the anterior chest in the pectoralis major
the triangular muscle of the shoulder that abducts the arm is the deltoid
which of the abdominal muscle originates at the pubic bone and ends in the ribs rectus abdominis
one of the principal muscles of the pelvic floor is the levator ani
the gastrocnemius is the chief muscle of the calf of the legs
A connective tissue band that holds bones together is called ligament
the two bones that form the side walls and the roof of the cranium are the parietal bones
the sternocleidomastoid muscle is located along the side of the neck
the medial bone of the forearm, which is located on the small-finger side of the hand, is called the ulna
the bone that is shaped like a butterfly sphenoid
the bone that forms the posterior portion of the skul is occipital
the lower jaw bone is the mandible
the bone located in the neck between the mandible and larynx, which supports the tongue and provides attachment for some of its muscle, is the hyoid bone
the adult vertebral comumn has 26 bones
how many cervical vertebrae are there 7
The bone in the axial skeleton that does not articulate with any other bone hyoid
the number of pairs of ribs is 12
A slender, rod-like bone that is located at teh base of the neck and runs horizontally is clavicle
the nucleus pulposus is the cushioning mass whithin an intervertebral disk
the upper, flarring portion of hipbone is ilium
A large opening at the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes is foramen magnum
the larger, weight-bearing bone of the lower leg tibia
The bone that fits into the acetabulum, forming a joint, is the femur
another name for the kneecap is patella
the membrances that line closed cavities within the body are called serous membranes
the longest bone in the body is the femur
A rounded protuberance found at a point of articulation with another bone is called a condyle
an infection of the bone is osteomyelitis
the epiphyses are the ends of long bones
oil glands of the skin are called sebaceous
the priosteum the membrane that covers the bones
a transparent structure that permits the eye to focus rays to form an image on the retina is the lens
the purpose of the iris regulate the amount of light entering the eye
the structure that is seen from the outside as the colored portion of the eye iris
the nerve that carries visual impulses to the brain optic nerve
the white outer layer of the eyeball is the sclera
a jelly-like substance in the eye's POSTERIOR cavity is called vitreous humor
jelly-like substane in the eye's ANTERIOR cavity is called aqueous humor
The structure that connects the middle ear and the throat, allowing the eardrum to vibrate freely eustachian tube
the conjunctiva is the convering of the anterior globe except the cornea
The number of pairs of spinal nerves is 31 spinal nerves
the great sensory nerve of the face and head is the trigeminal
the cranial nerve that contains special sense fibers for hearing as well as for balance is VIII (ACOUSTIC NERVE)
part of the brain responsible for balance and muscle tone, as well as coordination of coluntary muscle cerebellum
frontal,temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes are division of the cerebrum
the area of the brain that controls the repiratory center medulla oblongata
largest part of the brain cerebrum
outermost covering of the brain and spinal cord dura matter
Created by: acortez87