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Gentics

TermDefinition
Heredity The passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another
Genetics The study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics
Allele One of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome
Gene A unit of heredity (a distinct sequence of nucleotides) that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring
Trait A feature of an organism
Dominant A trait that will appear in the offspring if one of the parents contributes it
Recessive A gene that is trumped by a dominant gene; a recessive allele has to team up with another recessive allele in order to show up
Genotype The genetic constitution of an individual organism
Phenotype The set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment
Homozygous Identical pairs of genes for any given pair of hereditary characteristics
Heterozygous Dissimilar pairs of genes for any hereditary characteristic
Monohybrid Cross A genetic cross between parents that differ in the alleles they possess for one particular gene, one parent having two dominant alleles and the other two recessive
Created by: allisonfuerst
 

 



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