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Modern Age Vocabular

Vocabulary Modern Age Poetry

allusion a reference to a familiar literary or historical person or event, used to make an idea more easily understood
anticlimax a plot twist that shifts a narrative away from the expected climax, undercuts readers' expectations, and often results in disappointment for the work's main character(s)
epigraph a quotation at the start of a poem or work of prose
figurative language language that uses figures of speech such as metaphor, simile, and personification for poetic effect rather than for precise, factual meaning; for example, "Her eyes are like stars" is figurative language, in contrast to the literal use of "stars" in "The
free indirect speech a style of narration in which it is not clear whether readers are reading the thoughts of a character, of the narrator, or of a combination of character and narrator; also called free indirect discourse
imagery language that creates a mental picture by appealing to the senses, that makes readers see, hear, smell, taste, or feel things in their imagination; for example, "the coal-black night," "the stinging cold," "the rapping and tapping of rain on the roof"
modernism a literary movement that represented a purposeful break from traditional forms of expression and subject matter in favor of more modern ones
mood the emotions or feelings that are conveyed in a literary work
persona a character assumed by an author in a work of literature
personification giving human qualities to a thing or abstraction; for example, "The kettle sang on the hearth," or "After the victory, freedom held its head high in the nation."
refrain a phrase repeated at intervals throughout a work
rhyme scheme the pattern of rhymes made by the final words or sounds in the lines of a poem, typically designated by a different letter of the alphabet to represent each rhyme
Romantics artists of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries who sought greater personal freedom from the strict rules and literary forms of the eighteenth-century neoclassicists; the Romantics preferred emotional and imaginative expression to rational a
simile a figure of speech that compares two things, usually using the words like oras; for example, "like a thief in the night," "quiet as a mouse"
speaker the imaginary person who speaks the words of a poem, not necessarily the poet
stream of consciousness a narrative technique that allows readers to follow the uninterrupted and often disjointed flow of thoughts and ideas of characters as they occur
style the words the writer chooses and the way the writer arranges the words into sentences
symbol something concrete that stands for a more abstract idea in literature; for example, a dove may be a symbol for peace
theme the main message that an author wants to communicate to a reader
tone the attitude of the writer toward the topic or subject
villanelle a 19-line poem that contains just two rhymes throughout and that is divided into six stanzas: five tercets (three-line stanzas) and one quatrain (a four-line stanza)
Created by: Mrs.Webb



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