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World War II Vocab

TermDefinition
Fascism A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Totalitarianism A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
Nazism Adolf Hitler used fascism to create this type of government based on totalitarian ideas and was used to unite Germany during the 1930s.
Pearl Harbor 7:50-10:00 AM, December 7, 1941 - Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. Pacific Fleet harbored in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II after this event.
USS Arizona Battleship that was hit in the attack on Pearl Harbor. It sunk and remains an underwater graveyard and memorial today.
Japanese Interment Japanese and Japanese Americans from the West Coast of the United States during WWII who were sent to hastily constructed camps called "War Relocation Centers" in remote portions of the nation's interior.
Axis Powers Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
Allied Powers Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
Rationing Restricting the amount of food and other goods people may buy during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military.
Victory Gardens Backyard gardens; Americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort.
Rosie the Riveter A symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war.
Holocaust The Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler.
Cornelia Fort Nashville woman who became a transport pilot in World War II. She was the first woman pilot killed in duty.
Hideki Tojo Prime minister of Japan during World War II. He gave his approval for the attack on Pearl Harbor and played a major role in Japan's military decisions until he resigned in 1944.
The Manhattan Project A secret research and development project of the US to develop the atomic bomb. Its success granted the US the bombs that ended the war with Japan.
Created by: mehilton