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Chapter 7 Terms

Terms for Chapter 7

TermDefinition
anomaly based monitoring a monitoring technique used by an intrusion detection system that creates a baseline of normal activies and compares actions against the baseline. Whenever there is a significant deviation from this baseline an alarm is raised
application aware firewall a firewall that can identify the applications that send packets through the firewall and then make decisions about the applications
application aware IDS a specialized intrusion detection system that is capable of using contextual knowledge in real time
application aware IPS an intrusion prevention system that knows information such as the applications that are running as well as the underlying operating systems
application aware proxy a special proxy server that knows the application protocols that it supports
behavior based monitoring a monitoring technique used by an IDS that uses the normal processes and actions as the standard and compares actions against it
content inspection searching incoming web content to match keywords
defense in depth a defense that uses multiple types of security devies to protect a networks
demilitarized zone a seperate network that rests outside the secure network perimeter, untrusted outside users can acess the DMZ but cannot enter the secure network
firewall rules a set of individual instructions to control the actions of a firewall
heuristic monitoring a monitoring technique used by an intrusion detection system that uses an algorithm to determine if a threat exists
host based intrusion detection system a software based application that runs on a local host computer that can detect an attack as it occurrs
intrusion detection system a device that detects an attack as it occurs
layered security a defense that uses multiple types of security devices to protect a network
load balancer a dedicated network device that can direct requests to different servers based on a variety of factors
malware inspection searching for malware in incoming web content
network access control a technique that examines the current state of a system or network device before it is allowed to connect to the network
network address translation a technique that allows private IP addresses to be used on the public internet
network intrustion detection system a technology that watches for attacks on the network and reports back to a central device
network intrusion prevention system a technology that monitors network traffic to immediately react to block a malicious attack
protocol analyzer hardware or software that captures packets to decode and analyze their contents
proxy server a computer or an application program that intercepts user requests from the internal secure network and then processes those requests on behalf of the users
remote access any combination of hardware and software that enables remote users to access a local internal network
reverse proxy a computer or an application program that routes incoming requests to the correct server
router a device that can forward packets across computer networks
signature based monitoring a monitoring technique used by an intrusion detection system that examines network traffic to look for well known patterns and compares the activities against a predefined signature
subnetting a technique that uses IP addresses to divide a network into network, subnet and host
unified threat management network hardware that provides multiple security functions
URL filtering restricting access to unapproved websites
virtual LAN a technology that allows scattered users to be logically grouped together even though they may be attached to different switches
virtual private network a technology that enables use of an unsecured public network as if it were a secure private network
VPN concentrator a device that aggregates VPN connections
web application firewall a special type of application aware firewall that looks at the applications using HTTP
web security gateway a device that can block malicious content in real time as it appears
Created by: O'Bryan