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D031

ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN

TermDefinition
ELEMENT the basic ingredients that an artist uses separately or in combination to produce artistic imagery
LINE a basic element of art referring to the path between two points that can make shapes, show movement or mood
SHAPE a flat enclosed space with edges made by line, color, value, or texture
FORM a shape in 3-dimensions (width, length, depth)
VALUE the range from light to dark of a color
COLOR element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye
TEXTURE the real or simulated surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness
SPACE the area around, above, and within an object
PERSPECTIVE technique used to create an illusion of space and depth on a flat surface
OVERLAPPING When objects partially overlap other objects, the foreground objects appear visually closer than the covered objects.
ATMOSPHERIC PERSPECTIVE the earth's atmosphere makes distand objects appear less distinct and more bluish
DIMINISHING SIZE distant objects appear smaller than objects that are in the foreground
LINEAR PERSPECTIVE a depth cue that occurs when parallel lines (like train tracks) seem to converge to a single vanishing point in the distance.
HORIZON LINE the most distant line marking the junction of earth and sky
VANISHING POINT the point on the horizon line at which lines or edges that are parallel appear to converge.
ONE POINT PERSPECTIVE lines that converge to a single vanishing point on the horizon line giving the illusion of three dimensional space
TWO POINT PERSPECTIVE using two vanishing points on the horizon line to give the illusion of three dimensional space.
POSTIVE SPACE the areas in a work of art that are the subjects, or areas of interest
NEGATIVE SPACE the area surrounding the subjects
CONTRAST the arrangement of opposite elements to create visual interest, excitement and drama
BALANCE the distribution of the visual weight of elements such as colors, texture, and space to create stability and equilibrium
EMPHASIS giving importance to certain elements to communicate a message
PATTERN "a combination of elements or shapes repeated in a recurring and regular arrangement to add visual interest or symbolism
VARIETY the use of several different elements of design to add visual interest and to guide the viewer’s eye
UNITY & HARMONY all elements of the artwork combine to create a sense of completeness, singleness or wholeness
RHYTHM & MOVEMENT "when elements are used repeatedly to create a feeling of movement to guide the viewers eye through the artwork
PROPORTION the relationship between the size and scale of objects in a design
ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE When visual weight in an image is balanced by use of colors, shapes, and lines
SYMMETRICAL BALANCE When an image is the same on either side of the center (i.e. mirror image)
Created by: dmaww