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CBA - All Words

CBA - All Framework Words

TermDefinition
Central Processing Unit (CPU) Executes commands from a computer's hardware and software; the principal computer chip that contains several processing components, which determines the computer's operating speed: the "brain" of a computer
Logging on The action of gaining access to a computer or a network by entering a username and password
Memory Computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called RAM or Random Access Memory
Operating system System software that acts as the "go-between", allowing computer hardware and other software to communicate with each other
Output device A device that allows the user to view or listen to the data a computer processes such as a monitor, printer, headphones or speakers
Save The process of storing data for later use
Save as A feature that allows the user to change the attributes of a file, such as location, file name, or file type
System software Software responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application software and file management. Examples: BIOS, Microsoft Windows, Max OS X, Linux or utility software
Application Software Computer software created to allow the user to perform a specific job or task. Examples: Word Processing, Spreadsheets, Databases and Graphic software
File Management A program on a computer that allows the user to create, edit, view, print, rename, copy or delete files, folders or an entire file system
File Type An extension at the end of a file name, indicating which application was used to create a document i.e. Word files end in .doc, .docx, Excel files end in .xls, .xlsx
Peripheral Additional hardware that isn't necessary for a computer to function, but does enhance how the computer can be used. Example: Scanner, Webcam, Computer joystick
System Unit A computer case that contains the CPU, power supply., memory, and storage
Storage Device External hardware used to store and retrieve data, such as a disk drive, CD/DVD drive, flash drive, or tape drive
Input Device Data entered into the computer through a variety of devices such as a keyboard, microphone, scanner, flash drive, or mouse
Destination/Source File the file that an object is embedded in or linked to.
Embedded File a file that becomes part of the current file but is a separate object that can be edited using the application that created it.
Integration the sharing or combining of data between applications.
Linking placing a copy of an object or data in a destination file that will update when changes are made to the source file.
Merge a feature that combines a data document with a main document to mass produce personalized letters or other documents.
Animation the way text and objects move on and off a slide during a slide show.
Design Template/Theme prepared designs that can be applied to presentation slides that include patterns, formatting, and color schemes.
Graphic an image or object created or inserted into a document that illustrates the text or makes the page more attractive.
Handouts a print option that allows you to choose the number of slides displayed per page and places a thumbnail, or small picture, of each slide on the page.
Normal View the default view in a presentation, which contains the slide pane, the outline pane, the task pane, and the notes pane.
Notes Page printouts that contain the slide image in the top half of the page and the speaker's note in the lower half of the page.
Outline View a view that displays text in an outline format.
Placeholder a boxed outline on a slide that can be used to insert text or an object when clicked.
Presentation an application that allows the user to create and save slides to use as a slide show.
Slide Layout the arrangement of placeholders on a slide.
Slide Show View runs slides as they appear during a presentation.
Slide Sorter View a view that displays all slides simultaneously in a miniature form.
Transition a feature that can be applied in presentations to control the way slides move on and of the screen.
Absolute Cell Reference cell reference that does not adjust to the new cell location when copied or moved.
Active Cell a selected worksheet cell that is ready for data entry.
Alignment the position of data within a cell.
Ascending sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest.
Argument value, cell reference, range, or text that acts as an operand in a function formula.
AutoSum a function that automatically adds the values in the cells directly above or to the left of the active cell.
AVERAGE returns the average (arithmetic means) or its arguments.
Cell the space formd by the intersection of a row and a column; the basic unit of a worksheet.
Cell Reference a unique identifier for a cell which is formed by combining the cell's column letter and row number.
Chart/Graph a graphic representation of values and their relationships: pie, line, column, bar, scattered.
Column a vertical group of cells in a worksheet identified by letters.
Column Chart a chart that uses bars of varying height to illustrate values in a worksheet.
COUNT returns the number of cells in a range that contains numbers.
Descending sort order arranging text or numbers from Z to A; largest to smallest, or lates to earliest.
Fill to copy a cell's contents and/or formatting into an adjacent cell or range.
Format arranging the shape, size, type, and general makeup of a cell or group of cells.
Formula an equation that calculates a new value using values currently on a worksheet.
Freeze keeps selected rows or columns visable on the screen as the rest of the worksheet scrolls.
Function a prewritten formula that makes it easy to perform common calculations.
Label alphanumeric text that will not be used in calculations.
Line Chart a chart that used points connected by a line to illustrate values in a worksheet.
MAX returns the largest value in a set of values
MIN returns the smallest values in a set of values
Mixed Cell Reference a cell reference that contains both relative and absolute references
Operand a number or cell reference used in a formula.
Operator a symbol that indicates what mathematical operation to perform on the operands: plus (+), minus (-), multiply (*), divide (/).
Order of Operation the mathematical rules used for calculating the value of a formula.
Pie Chart a chart that shows the relationship of a part to a whole.
Range selected group of cells on a worksheet identified by the cell in the upper left corner and the cell in the lower right corner, seperated by a colon.
Relative Cell Reference cell reference that adjusts to a new location when copied or moved.
Row a horizontal group of cells in a worksheet identified by numbers.
Sort to arrange a list of works or numbers in ascending or descending order.
Spreadsheet a grid of rows and columns containing numbers, text, and formulas used to perform calculations.
SUM adds all the numbers in a range of cells.
Value numeric characters that can be used in calculation.
What-if Anaylsis process of changing values in cells to see how those changes affect the outcome of formulas in the worksheet.
Workbook a collection of related worksheets.
Worksheet the workspace made up of columns and rows where data is entered to create an electronic spreadsheet.
Alignment how the edges of a line, paragraph, object, or table are positioned horizontally and vertically between the margins on a page.
Ascending sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest.
Automatic Page Break a feature that automatically generates a new page, allowing text to flow to the new page when space runs out on the previous one; also known as Soft Page Break.
Borders lines aroung the edge(s) of text, a page, a cell, or a table.
Bullets and Numbering a feature in word processing application that allows the user to create outlines or itemized lists with either icons or numbers.
Clip Art a feature that includes pre-made illustrations, drawing, pictures, and other graphic that can be inserted into a document.
Column one of two or more vertical sections of printed material on a page, usually separated by margins.
Copy and Paste a feature that allows a user to select text or a graphic, duplicate it and place it in another location within a document.
Cut and Paste a feature that allows a user to select text or grahic, remove it from its current location and place it in another loation within a document.
Descending sort order arranging text or number from Z to A, largest to smallest, or latest to earliest.
Desktop Publishing through the use of a personal computer, combining text and graphics to produce a high-quality documents, such as newsletters, flyers, brochures, etc.
Drag and Drop a feature that allows a user to select text using a mouse or pointing device, and quickly move (drag) it to a different location.
Edit to make changes by adding, deleting, or modifying text, graphics, or other items in a document.
Find and Replace a feature that scans a document, searches for occurrences or specific text, symbols or formatting, and allows a user to replace it with new text, symbols, or formatting.
Font the size, style, and design of text
Footer text appearing at the bottom of each page, separate from the main body of a text.
Format in word processing, to utilize features that enhance the appearance and overall layout of text, graphics, tables within a document.
Graphics drawings, pictures, or other illustrations inserted in a document to either explain data or enhance the appearance of text on a page.
Hard Return a break in a line or a paragraph that is forced by the user when the return key is pressed, creating a new paragraph.
Header text appearing at the top of each page separate from the main body of text.
Indent to move text horizontally away from the left or right margin, setting it apart from surrounding text.
Landscape Orientation a page layout in which documents are printed across the length of a page, making the page wider than it is tall.
Line Spacing the amount of space between lines of text.
Manual Page Break a page break the ned user forces into a document, creating a new page at a specific location; also known as Hard Page Break.
Margins the white space surrounding the content of a page at the top, bottom, left, and right sides, defining where a line of text begins and ends.
Print Preview a feature that allows the user to view a document onscreen and make necessary formatting changes prior to printing it.
Point Size the measurement, or size of a font (text); each point is approximately 1/72 of an inch.
Portrait Orientation a page layout in which documents are printed across the width of a page, making the page taller than it is wide.
Shading/Fill the background color of a cell, table, or page.
Sort to arrange a list alphabetically (text) or numerically (numbers), in ascending or descending order
Spell Check a feature used to automatically locate and correct spelling errors.
Tab Stop a formatting feature that allows the user to control where a line of text will be entered and how the text will be aligned; so that when the tab key is pressed, the insertion point will move to that location.
Table a set of data arranged in a grid of rows and columns.
Template a feature that includes pre-made documents that allow sthe user to fill-in-the blanks to create new documents, such as calendars, invoices, reports, resumes, etc; enhances user's efficiency and creativity.
Thesaurus a feature that allows the user to view synonyms and antonyms, and automatically replace words for enhanced writing.
View a feature that allows the user to view the current page of a document onscreen in different ways. Example: normal view, page layout, web layout, etc.
Word Processing the use of software application to create, edit, format, print, and save text-based documents, such as letters, reports, and memos.
Word Wrap also called a soft return; a feature that automatically moves text to the next line when the previous line is full withou the user pressing the enter key.
Word/Text Art text created as a graphic image
Wrap Text a feature that allows text to be included with pictures, shapes, or tables without covering or hiding under the image, giving the user control over how the text is position.
Ascending Sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest
Database A collection of organized data that allows access, retrieval, and use of data
Data Type Indicates the type of data that can be stored in a field
Descending Sort order arranging text or numbers from Z to A, from largest to smallest, or from latest to earliest
Field A single characteristic of data that appears in a table as a column
Field Name A name that identifies a field
Form A database view that allows the user to see all fields for one record and enter them one at a time
Primary Key A field that uniquely identifies a record in a table
Query A question presented in a way that allows the database to process and generate specific data from one or more labels
Record A collection of fields that appear as a row in a database or table.
Report A document that uses data from tables and/or queries; the user controls which items in the database will appear in the report and how it is filtered or sorted
Sort To arrange a list of words or numbers in ascending or descending order
Table A database view of information arranged in a grid of rows and columns
Electronic Mail (e-mail) Transmission of messages and files using a computer network
Fax A document generated by using a facsimile machine
Internet A vast network of computers linked to one another
Intranet A company's private network of computers
Local Area Network (LAN) A computer network that covers a small area
Network Computers that are connected to each other
Online Computers that are connected and ready to receive and/or transmit data
Protocol The rules that must be observed for two electronic devices to communicate with each other
Stand alone A computer that is not connected to a network
Telecommunications Transmitting information and communicating electronically
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) Internet address that identifies hypertext documents
World Wide Web (WWW) A system of computers that share information by means of links on web pages
Created by: ambillingsley