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Technology Terms

TermDefinition
Presentation Hardware/Software computer hardware/software designed to support presentations involving multimedia (e.g., PowerPoint)
Buffer The buffer is a section of the computer where data is stored before being used. This buffering allows time for an application to fix differences in bit rates among other things. It creates a space of time for compensation.
Cells The intersection of a row and a column in Excel—where data can be inserted
Chevron Double arrows at end of tool bar that allow you to show buttons on two rows
Curriculum Framework serves as a bridge between standards and the classroom and provides curriculum content, organization, and presentation
Curriculum Standard activities used in classroom instruction to teach the benchmarked standard
Digital It is a series of small samples of data playing together very quickly Digital recording of information means representing the bits of data through ones and zeros. Playing the bits back to again create what was recorded is called digital processing
Platform computer hardware and the operating system that runs on it (e.g., a Macintosh computer or Windows-based PC)
Domain A group of computers whose host names share a common suffix, the "domain name". The last component of this is the top-level domain.
Drill down Moving from a general level to a detailed level
Environmental Probe computer peripheral that senses environmental data and communicates reading directly into the computer for recording and storage (e.g., pH sensor, humidity sensor)
Ethernet a system for connecting a number of computer systems to form a LAN, with protocols to control the passing of information and to avoid simultaneous transmission by two or more systems
Extension The three-letter extension that tells a user that a document was saved in Word
Graphic Applications Software one of a number of types of computer software that enables the user to create or manipulate illustrations, graphs, drafting products, and a variety of other images
Cache A memory section of the hard drive that holds information while the CPU is working on it
Cc Carbon copy or Confidential Copy—send a copy of an email to another person
CD-ROM (Compact Disc-Read-Only Memory) a storage media that is able to store up to 660MB of information (e.g., text, graphics, audio, and full-motion video)
Byte A unit of space. It is also used to represent a series of seven or eight ASCII code digits representing a character.
CPU Central Processing Unit. The CPU is the hardware that most people consider the "brain" of the computer.
Explorer A program in Windows that displays all files, folders and programs available on a computer
Export To save data or pictures in a form other programs can read
Floppy Drive A location on the computer that holds a removable disk
Netiquette Proper manners on the internet
GIF An image format, an acronym for Graphical Interchange Format
Gigabyte (GB) It's about a billion bytes. Actually it's 2 to the 30th power or 1,073,741,824.
Configure to set the details or structure of a system (e.g., operating system)
Content Standard a description of what students should know and be able to do within a particular discipline or content domain
Master-slave The relationship between a dominant drive and the secondary one
Drop down arrow The black arrow next to a tool that provides selections within a tool
Spyware is a type of malware (malicious software) installed on computers that collects information about users without their knowledge.
Hard drive A device for storing information in a fixed location within your computer. The equivalent of a filing cabinet in an office, the hard drive is used for storing programs and documents that are not being used.
Hits The number of matches made by a search engine like Google in a search.
Homepage The page on the Internet which most often gives users access to the rest of the Web site. A site is a collection of pages.
Hypertext This is a markup language that allows for non-linear transfers of data. The method allows your computer to provide the computational power rather than attaching to a mainframe and waiting for it to do the work for you.
Intranet a local or restricted communications network, especially a private network created using World Wide Web software
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) An image format allowing for compression when stored.
Jump drive Memory stick—portable place to save files
LAN (Local Area Network A computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building.
Macro A series of actions that occur following one key stroke
Telecommunications includes all types of electronic communication services, including satellite, fiber-optic, computer-based transmission, telephone, and radio
Router a device that forwards data packets to the appropriate parts of a computer network
Created by: Chloe Villazon