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Biochemistry Vocab

chemistry terms for biology

ATP energy
activation energy the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must possess in order to undergo a specified reaction
active site a region on an enzyme that binds to a protein or other substance during a reaction
amino acid a simple organic compound containing both a carboxy
cellular respiration converting chemical energy from nutrients and then releasing waste
carbohydrate a group of compounds in foods and living organisms such as sugar, starch, and cellulose
denature changing the natural qualities of something
dehydration synthesis a chemical reaction that involves the loss of water from a reacting molecule
enzyme produced by a living organism that acts like a catalyst to bring out a specific biochemical reaction
fatty acid a chemical that contains fats and oils
glycerol a colorless, sweet, viscous liquid
glucose a simple sugar that is the energy source in living organisms
hydrolysis a chemical breakdown of a compound from a reaction to water
inorganic not consisting of or deriving from living matter
lipid organic compounds that are fatty acids
monosaccharide any of the class of sugars (e.g., glucose) that cannot be hydrolyzed to give a simpler sugar
nucleic acid a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain
nitrogen base a nitrogen containing molecule that has the same chemical properties as a base
optimal conditions he most favorable condition for growth and reproduction
organic derived from living matter
photosynthesis he process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water
phosphate a salt or ester of phosphoric acid
protein amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of body tissues such as muscle, hair, collagen, etc.
pH a figure expressing the acidity or alkalinity of a solution on a logarithmic scale
respiration intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide
substrate the surface or material on or from which an organism lives, grows, or obtains its nourishment
testing regent detecting compounds with specific bonds
water a liquid that is the main bases of a living organism
Created by: isabella_arias04