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Genetic Engineering

TermDefinition
Genetic Engineering manipulating DNA for a particular purpose
Restriction Enzymes enzymes that cut DNA at certain sequences
Recombinant DNA when DNA from two different organisms are combined to create a new combination of DNA
Gene Cloning using restriction enzymes, combining a human gene sequence with a bacterial cell. Every time the bacteria replicate, the gene is cloned.
Reproductive Cloning cloning a whole organism, Taking the nucleus from a donor cell and inserting that into an egg cell. When the egg cell develops into an embryo, it is placed withing the uterus of a foster mother.
Therapeutic Cloning cloning tissues or spare parts by combining the nucleus of a body cell and inserting it into an egg cell. The stems cells are then used to develop tissues or spare parts.
Gene Therapy removing or replacing damaged genes withing a person's cells or tissues and replacing them with healthy ones usually by using viruses.
Gel Electorphoresis a technique used to separate DNA molecules based on size and charge.
DNA Fingerprinting Unique samples of DNA make unique banding patterns when using gel electrophoresis
Human Genome Project To completely sequence the human genome and to identify the location of various human genes
Cloning the process of creating one or more genetically copies of a gene, genome, or organism.
Created by: bmatth8