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Romeo & Juliet

Literary Terms and Shakespeare Info

TermDefinition
Allusion A reference to a great piece of literature
Aside Words spoken in an undertone for the audience to hear but not a certain character
Couplet pairs of rhymed lines
Foil two characters' personalities are completely opposite to accentuate each other
Hyperbole exaggeration for emphasis; overstatement
Oxymoron paired words that are opposites (ie: jumbo shrimp)
simile comparing two things using like or as
metaphor a comparison between two things that are dissimilar in which one is described in terms of another (NOT using like or as)
soliloquy a character is alone on stage expressing his/her thoughts or feelings; it is usually longer than an aside and not directed at the audience
monologue a long uninterrupted speech in the presence of the other characters
personification giving human qualities to inanimate objects
stanza a major sub-division in a poem
sonnet a 14 line poem with the specific rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg
iambic pentameter a line made up of 5 pairs of short/long or unstressed/stressed, syllables
malapropism an inappropriateness of speech resulting from the use of one word for another which resembles it
motifs repeating images, element or theme
comic relief a humorous scene, incident, or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensity
colloquial language informal; sometimes slang colloquial, sometimes vulgar, speech sets common characters apart from those of a higher station
double entendres a phrase that has two meanings; especially where one is innocent and literal the other is resque, bawdy or ironic, an innuendo
understatement the opposite of hyperbole, to make little of something important
tragedy The central figure meets with disaster or grave misfortune. In most tragedies, the tragic hero's downfall is usually the result of fate's intervention, or a character flaw or tragic flaw
Shakespeare's birth April 23, 1564
Shakespeare's death April 23, 1616
Three ways Shakespeare was involved in the theater writer, director, shareholder
Where Shakespeare was born Stratford-upon-Avon
Shakespeare's wife Anne Hathaway
Name of theater group under Queen Elizabeth I Lord Chamberlain's Men
Name of theater group under King James The King's Men
Name of theater Shakespeare performed at The Globe
Who inspired Shakespeare to write Romeo & Juliet Arthur Brooke
The century/time period when Shakespeare was alive 14th Century
Created by: Ckonie