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PHLEBOTOMY

PHLEBOTOMY: TUBES, TEST AND ORDER OF DRAW

QuestionAnswer
In this tube the Blood clots, and the serum is separated by centrifugation RED TOP
Serum separator tube (SST) contains a gel at the bottom to separate blood from serum on centrifugation GOLD TOP
LIGHT GREEN TOP ADDITIVE: Plasma Separating Tube (PST) with Lithium heparin
Forms calcium salts to remove calcium EDTA
Hematology (CBC) and Blood Bank (Crossmatch); requires full draw - invert 8 times to prevent clotting and platelet clumping EDTA/PURPLE TOP
MODE OF ACTION: Forms calcium salts to remove calcium LIGHT BLUE TOP
USES: Coagulation tests (protime and prothrombin time), full draw required SODIUM CITRATE
ADDITIVE:Sodium heparin or lithium heparin Test for lithium OR SODIUM levels
GREEN TOP ACTION: Inactivates thrombin and thromboplastin
USES: Trace element testing (zinc, copper, lead, mercury) and toxicology DARK BLUE TOP
MODE OF ACTION: Tube is designed to contain no contaminating metals EDTA
LIGHT GREY TOP additive: Sodium fluoride and potassium oxalate
USES: Glucose, requires full draw (may cause hemolysis if short draw) LIGHT GRAY TOP
YELLOW TOP ADDITIVE ACD (acid-citrate-dextrose)
uses for yellow top HLA tissue typing, paternity testing, DNA studies
additive used for donor collections. citrate phosphate dextrose
Tube containing a gel seperator and silicon to activate clotting. SERUM SEPARATOR TUBE
Solution used to clean the site before routine venipuncture is seventy percent isopropyl alcohol
Top commonly used to collect plasma for chemistry test. Green Top
Top commonly used to collect whole blood for hematology test. Lavender Top
Common use for this tube is to provide plasma for coagulation test. Light Blue Top
Trace element free Royal blue Top
an anticoagulant that inhibits proteins that destroy bacteria, prevents phagocytosis of bacteria by wbc's, and reduce the activity of some antibiotics. SPS TUBES
Hematology test are collected in EDTA
EXCESS OXALATE CAUSES HEMOLYSIS
AN INERT (NON REACTIVE) SYNTHETIC SUBSTANCE THAT FORMS A PHYSICAL BARRIER BETWEEN THE CELLULAR PORTION OF A SPECIMEN AND THE SERUM OR PLASMA PORTION. THIXOTROPIC GEL
WHEN A THIXOTROPIC GEL IS USED IN A TUBE THAT CONTAINS EDTA IT IS CALLED A PREPARATON TUBE/PPT
THE MOST COMMON ANTIGLYCOLYTIC AGENTS ARE SODIUM FLUORIDE AND LITHIUM IODOACETATE
A SUBSTANCE THAT INHIBITS OR PREVENTS GLYCOLYSIS BY CELLS OF THE BLOOD ANTIGLYCOLYTIC AGENT
THROMBIN IS NECESSARY FOR THE FORMATION OF FIBRIN FROM FRIBINOGEN
SPS TUBES ARE USED TO COLLECT ________ _______, WHICH ARE PERFORMED IN THE _____ _____. BLOOD CULTURES, MICROBIOLOGY DEPARTMENT
additive used for donor collection CITRATE PHOSPHATE DEXTROSE (CPD)
heparinized tube containing a gel separator PLASMA SEPARATOR TUBE (PST)
tube containing a gel separator and silica to activate clotting. SERUM SEPARATOR TUBE (SST)
an electrolyte STAT test is usually collected in a: LITHIUM HEPARIN TUBE
color top that contains SPS GRAY
color top that contains THIXOTROPIC GEL GOLD OR MOTTLED RED AND GREY
the purpose of sodium citrate in specimen collection is to: PROTECT COAGULATION FACTORS
This test requires preparation of a blood film on a glass slide MANUAL DIFFERENTIAL
Glass particles in a serum separator tube: ACCELERATE CLOTTING
The best tube for collecting an ethanol (ETOH) specimen is: GRAY TOP
___________ BINDS CALCIUM, OR INHIBITS THROMBIN. KEEPS THE BLOOD FROM CLOTTING AND PREVENTS COAGULATION. ANTICOAGULANT
An edta tube that contains gel separator is called: PPT
When collecting blood using a syringe, samples should be placed into evacuated tubes in the following order: BLUE, LAVENDER, RED
The appropriate anticoagulant used to coat a syringe for collecting an arterial blood gas is: HEPARIN
What should normal plasma specimen look like?: LIGHT YELLOW COLOR
If an CBC that was collected in a EDTA tube was left out over night, what would be effected by the processing delay?: WHITE BLOOD CELL DIFFERENTIAL.
Acid washed syringes are used to collect specimens for analysis of ALL TRACE ELEMENTS.
When performing capillary punctures on neonates, the following order of the collection is mandated: HEMATOLOGY, CHEMISTRY, BLOOD BANK.
Which preservative when used in a 24-hour urine collection will interfer the least with dipstick analysis and other chemical urine test. BORIC ACID
The best marker to insure the completeness of a 24-hour urine collection, would be: 4-AMINOBENZOIC ACID LEVEL.
Created by: ascpstudent100