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OAC Life Science 1

OAC 2007-2008 Life Science

QuestionAnswer
The disease known as Glossitis affects what specific part of the body? Tongue
The disease known as cholecysticitis affects what specific part of the body? Gall Bladder
The disease known as Mastitis affects what specific part of the body? Breast
The offspring of what animal is called a shoat, or a farrow? Hog or Pig
The offspring of what animal is called a fledgling? Eagle
The offspring of what animal is called a cygnet? Swan
Identify this part of the brain based on effects of damage to it. Although once thought to be a wonderful cure for epilepsy, damage to this part of the human brain would cause what is known as “Split-Brain” syndrome. Corpus Callosum
Identify this part of the brain based on effects of damage to it. Damage to this part of the brain may result in ataxia which harms muscle coordination. This interfere's with the ability to walk, talk, eat, and to perform other self care tasks. Cerebellum
Identify this part of the brain based on effects of damage to it. Damage to this part, is dangerous as it relays incoming sensory pathways to areas of the cortex and participates in information exchange between the cerebellum, basal ganglia and cortex. Thalamus
Which lobe of the brain is involved in planning, organizing, problem solving, selective attention, personality and a variety of "higher cognitive functions" including behavior and emotions? Frontal (Lobe)
Which lobe of the brain is responsible for visual reception, and also contains association areas that help in the visual recognition of shapes and colors. Occipital (Lobe)
Which lobe of the brain is responsible of the senses of smell and hearing? Temporal (Lobe)
Identify the scientist credited with developing vaccines for anthrax and rabies. (Louis) Pasteur
Identify the scientist credited with developing a vaccine for smallpox. (Edward) Jenner
REQUIRES A TWO-PART ANSWER. Identify the two scientists credited with developing vaccines for polio. (Albert) Sabin and (Jonas) Salk
Given a description and a year, identify the Nobel Prize winner in Medicine or Physiology.1962: "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material.” (James) Watson and (Francis) Crick
Given a description and a year, identify the Nobel Prize winner in Medicine or Physiology. 1905: “for his investigations and discoveries in relation to tuberculosis.” (Robert) Koch
Given a description and a year, identify the Nobel Prize winner in Medicine or Physiology. 1904: "in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged." (Ivan) Pavlov
If a person homozygous dominant for brown eyes is crossed with a person homozygous recessive for blue eyes, what percentage of their offspring is expected to have blue eyes? 0%, all will have brown eyes, since each offspring will carry a dominant gene.
If a person heterozygous with brown eyes is crossed with a person homozygous recessive for blue eyes, what percentage of their offspring are expected to have brown eyes? 50%
If two people heterozygous with a dominant brown eye allele and a recessive blue eye allele are crossed, what percentage of the offspring are expected to exhibit blue eye color? 25%
The disease known as Hereditary Retinoblastoma effects what general part of the body? Eye
The virus known as Human papillovirus often causes cancer in what specific part of the body? Cervix
Both of these conditions occur in cells when a carefully orchestrated death program fails to occur, causing uncontrolled growth. Give the scientific name for this process. Apoptosis
Ailourophobia is the fear of what? Cats
Cynophobia is the fear of what? Dogs
Androphobia is the fear of what? Man (DO NOT ACCEPT “MEN”)
In the world of biology, what is the study of fruit known as? Pomology
In the world of biology, what is the study of lakes known as? Limnology
In the world of biology, what is the study of the skull known as? Phrenology
It is a cyclic metabolic pathway that oxidizes acetyl CoA to carbon dioxide in the presence of oxygen, generating ATP, NADH and FADH. Identify this cycle. Krebs or TCA or Tricarboxylic Acid or Citric Acid or Citric Cycle
It is a cyclic series of reactions used by photosynthetic organisms for the fixation of carbon dioxide and its reduction to form carbohydrates. Identify this biological cycle. Calvin (Cycle)
This cycle shares several reactions with the TCA cycle, but lacks 2 dicarboxylating reactions. Instead, 2 acetate molecules are used to generate succinate, which is converted back into oxaloacetate, where it continues on in the cycle. Identify this cycle. Glyoxylate (Cycle)
This is a hormone whose functions include regulation of heart rate and blood pressure and release of glucose and fatty acids from storage sites. Identify this hormone. Epinephrine or Adrenaline
This is a paracrine hormone produced by decarboxylation of an amino acid. Its main function involves local inflammation responses. An increase in its secretion is what causes allergies and allergic reactions. Identify this hormone. Histamine
Produced in the anterior pituitary gland, this hormone leads to growth in body size, hence its generic name of human growth hormone. Give the official name for this hormone. Somatotropin
Identify this enzyme involved in DNA Synthesis. Appearing in several different forms such as I, II, III, alpha, gamma, delta and epsilon. This enzyme catalyzes the elongation of DNA chains. (DNA) Polymerase
Identify this enzyme involved in DNA Synthesis. When DNA synthesis is nearing completion, the lagging strand contains several fragments known as Okazaki Fragments, which are fused together to form a full strand by what enzyme? (DNA) Ligase
Identify this enzyme involved in DNA Synthesis. Using energy from ATP, this enzyme unwinds the DNA ahead of the replication fork, breaking the hydrogen bonds as they go. Identify this enzyme composed of proteins that are responsible for unwinding DNA. (DNA) Helicase
A common molecule in biology and especially processes involving energy is ATP. For what does ATP stand? Adenosine Triphosphate
A common molecule discussed in biology is MSG. For what does MSG stand? Monosodium Glutamate
A common repressor discussed in metabolism studies is the lac-operon. For what does lac stand for? Lactose
Name the parts of the heart described. These are the main pumping chambers of the heart. They are thick walled, very muscular, and are considered the high pressure pumps. Ventricles
Name the parts of the heart described. These flap-like structures maintain blood flow in one direction only and are considered to be the "doors" between the chambers of the heart. Valves
Name the parts of the heart described. This is the muscular wall separating the right and left sides of the heart. Septum
Identify these different types of teeth. This type of tooth is located at the front of the mouth. Adults have eight of these flat teeth and they are used primarily to bite and cut food. Incisors
Identify these different types of teeth. These type of teeth are also called canines because of their long, sharp points. Adults have four of these teeth and they are located on either side of the incisors. They are used for tearing food. Cuspids (DO NOT ACCEPT “BICUSPIDS”)
Identify these different types of teeth. These teeth, located in the back of the mouth, are used for crushing and grinding food. Molars
Identify these parts of the female reproductive system. They were named after their Italian discover. Occasionally, an embryo will implant here instead of the uterus, causing an ectopic pregnancy. Identify these ducts connecting the uterus to the ovaries. Fallopian tubes
Identify these parts of the female reproductive system. During a pap smear, this organ’s epidermal cells and swabbed and tested. During childbirth, it will dilate up to 10cm to allow the fetus to pass through. Identify the narrow, lower end of the uterus. Cervix
Identify these parts of the female reproductive system. These are finger-like projections at the end of the fallopian tube nearest the ovary. The fingerlike ends grasp the ovary and coax the egg into the tube. Identify this structure. Fimbria
This plant can be used to make herbal tea, jam, jelly, and marmalade. One of the most popular garden shrubs in temperate climates, they are typically classified as wild, old garden, or new garden. Identify this flower. Rose
The exact origin of the name of the plant is unknown, but one theory holds that it stems from the Greek word for flesh. The Bible says they first appeared before crucifixion, and scientists say they are native to the Middle East. Identify this flower. Carnation
The state flower of West Virginia derives its name from the Greek word for rose and tree, grows well in mountainous terrain and acidic soil, and is an evergreen azalea. Identify this flower. Rhododendron
Sometimes called involuntary muscle, this type of muscle performs automatic tasks, such as constricting blood vessels. Identify this type of muscle. Smooth
Also called voluntary muscle, this type of striated muscle is directly controlled by the body. Identify this type of muscle. Skeletal
What name is given to the type of muscle that opposes the action of another? Antagonistic
Gastroenterology is the study of what organ of the human body? Stomach
Rhinology is the study of what organ of the human body? Nose
Cardiology is the study of what organ of the human body? Heart
These are cells whose major function is to carry oxygen to cells. Identify these cells, also called red blood cells. Erythrocytes
These are cells that fight infections and diseases. Identify these cells, also called white blood cells. Leukocytes
These small flat disks are responsible for clotting. Identify these cells, also called platelets. Thrombocytes
This is a very dense bone tissue that forms the outer shell of bones and composes a large part of the long bones of the arms, legs, and ribs. Identify this type of bone also called cortical bone or lamellar bone. Compact bone
Also know as trabecular bone, this lattice-like structure of bony tissue makes up the inner portion of bone and is less dense than compact bone. Identify this type of bone. Spongy bone
Erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets are formed in what soft tissue located in the cavities of bones? (Bone) Marrow
They are studded with proteins and function in cellular respiration. They provide more surface area for cellular respiration to happen. Identify these infoldings of the inner membrane of a mitochondrion. Cristae
These are the flattened membranous disks which make up the Golgi apparatus and the Endoplasmic Reticulum. They carry Golgi enzymes to help modify cargo proteins traveling through them destined for other parts of the cell. Identify this structure. Cisternae
It is a phospholipid bilayer membrane internal to chloroplasts. The membrane is folded continuously into stacks called grana. The grana fuse and form a single functional compartment. Identify this plant cell structure, the true site of photosynthesis. Thylakoid(s)
This is the terminal nerve that runs through the forearm and ends in the hand. It supplies motor power and sensation to parts of the hand. Identify this nerve. Ulnar nerve
This is the largest nerve in the body. It provides sensory and motor function to the lower extremities. Identify this nerve. Sciatic nerve
What is the name given to the 12 specific nerves that emerge from the brainstem instead of the spinal cord? Cranial nerves
This region of the spinal cord contains the first seven vertebrae. Identify this region. Cervical region
This region of the spinal cord lies under the cervical region and contains the next 12 vertebrae. Identify this region. Thoracic region
This region of the spinal cord contains five fused segments of the lower spine that connect to the pelvis. Identify this region where the fused segments contain four formina on each side. Sacral region
This back portion of the brain controls balance and coordination of movement. Cerebellum
This is the large, upper part of the brain which acts as a master control system and is responsible for initiating thought and motor activity. Cerebrum
This is the portion of the brain closest to the spinal cord. It controls many of the involuntary functions that keep us alive. Brain Stem
Children with this disorder have problems with social interaction, communication, imagination and behavior. Identify this disorder, of which Asperger’s Syndrome is a related form. Autism
Inherited as an autosomal recessive on chromosome 7, this disease involves a sticky buildup of mucus in the lungs which makes breathing difficult and leads to infections. Identify this disease, with many treatments to limit the effects, but no cure. Cystic Fibrosis
Within a few months of birth, the subject becomes blind, deaf, and unable to swallow while muscular atrophy and paralysis set in. Identify this disease, of which a red-spot in the retina is the telltale symptom. Tay-Sachs Disease
This class of mollusks typically has a one-piece coiled shell and flattened muscular foot with a head bearing stalked eyes. Identify this class of mollusk which includes snails and slugs. Gastropods
This is the highest class of the mollusks. They are characterized by having a mouth surrounded by tentacles. Identify this class of mollusk which includes octopuses and squid. Cephalopods
Mostly small, this type of mollusk has curved tubular shells open at both ends, resembling a elephant's tusk. Identify this class of mollusk, also called tusk shells. Scaphopoda
Of the order Didelphimorphia, this nocturnal marsupial has a naked tail and can be found from southern North America to northern South America. They have white faces and fur that is loose, grayish and white-tipped. Identify this marsupial. Opossum
Of the family Phascolarctidae, these tree-dwelling marsupials have thick, gray fur, sharp claws, and large, tufted ears. Identify this marsupial. Koala
Of the order, diprotodontia, they are small, very short-legged and muscular bears of approximately 1 meter in length. They feed on grasses, sedges and roots. Identify these marsupials, which very rarely move quickly, but are actually faster than humans. Wombats
If you like the lighter variety, roast them before grinding to make them taste better. If you want the darker kind, chop and boil them to release the acidic taste. If you want to delay the aging process, carry one on you at all times. Identify this nut. Acorn
The name is derived from the Latin for Jupiter's nuts. While the nut is helpful in lowering cholesterol and contains omega-3 fatty acids, they can be a real nuisance if you get the dark dye on your fingers or your clothes. Identify the nut. Walnut
More often eaten plain, they are first dried and can be roasted and covered with salt or flour for preservation. The oil they produce is being studied as an alternative energy source for the future. Identify this seed, most popular among baseball players. Sunflower Seeds
Which cellular organelle converts organic materials into ATP via oxidative phosphorylation? Mitochondrion or Mitochondria
What cellular organelle is made of RNA and proteins and translates messenger RNA into a polypeptide chain? Ribosomes
Assembled inside the Golgi apparatus, what cellular organelles contain acid hydrolases and function to digest macromolecules? Lysosomes
Given an “ology,” identify what it is being studied. Apiology Bees
Given an “ology,” identify what it is being studied. Dendrology Trees
Given an “ology,” identify what it is being studied. Limnology Lakes
Given an organism and some name from its full scientific classification, identify which part of the classification system is being described. For example, if I said human, sapiens, the answer would be species. Clam, Molluska Phylum
Given an organism and some name from its full scientific classification, identify which part of the classification system is being described. For example, if I said human, sapiens, the answer would be species. Owl, Aves Class
Given an organism and some name from its full scientific classification, identify which part of the classification system is being described. For example, if I said human, sapiens, the answer would be species. Butterfly, Lepidoptera Order
Identify the scientists who came up with the vaccines for the following disease. Smallpox (Edward) Jenner
Identify the scientists who came up with the vaccines for the following disease. Rabies (Louis) Pasteur
Identify the scientists who came up with the vaccines for the following disease. Either of the two men who came up with the polio vaccine. (Jonas) Salk or (Albert) Sabin
This organ of the human body destroys old red blood cells. It is located behind the stomach and just below the diaphragm. Identify this organ, whose rupture almost ended the life of Tampa Bay Buccaneers quarterback Chris Simms in September, 2006. Spleen
This organ of the human body develops at the end of the cecum and its name in Latin means “wormlike in appearance.” Averaging ten centimeters in length, this organ can spontaneously become infected and burst. Identify this organ. Appendix
This part of the human body is not an organ, but rather a shelf of muscle. In its relaxed state, it is shaped like a dome. However, its contraction causes air to be drawn into the lungs, making it extremely important for breathing. Identify this organ. Diaphragm
Given a description and a year, identify the Nobel Prize winner in medicine. 1930, for his discovery of human blood groups. (Karl) Landsteiner
Given a description and a year, identify the Nobel Prize winner in medicine. 1905, for his investigations and discoveries in relation to tuberculosis. (Robert) Koch
Given a description and a year, identify the Nobel Prize winner in medicine. 1953, for his discovery of the Citric Acid Cycle. (Hans) Krebs
Given a “phobia,” identify what it is the fear of. Heliophobia. Sun or Sunlight
Given a “phobia,” identify what it is the fear of. Nyctophobia. Darkness or the Dark
Given a “phobia,” identify what it is the fear of. Taphephobia. Grave or Buried Alive
Given the medical name, identify the more common name for the following disease. Varicella. Chicken Pox
Given the medical name, identify the more common name for the following disease. Rubella. Measles
Given the medical name, identify the more common name for the following diseases. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy. Mad Cow Disease or Jakob-Kreutzfeldt Disease
Given a species of algae, identify the color of algae it represents. Rhodophyta. Red Algae
Given a species of algae, identify the color of algae it represents. Chlorophyta. Green Algae
Given a species of algae, identify the color of algae it represents. Phaeophyta. Brown Algae
What name is given to the surgical removal of the uterus? Hysterectomy
What name is given to the surgical removal of one or both of the breasts? Mastectomy
What name is given to the surgical removal of a vestigial organ located on the right side of the abdomen, off of the large intestine? Appendectomy
This Welsh naturalist published a theory of Natural Selection independent of Darwin. His publication caused Darwin to rush publication of his very own ideas. (Alfred Russell) Wallace
This English biologist was a staunch defender of Darwin’s theories. He coined the term “agnosticism” to define his personal religious beliefs. He was the first to determine that cells arise from other cells. (Thomas Henry) Huxley
This scientist seemed to support Darwin’s ideas on Natural Selection. However, a work he published in defense of his own theories angered many people, leading to several debates with Thomas Huxley in front of the Royal Academy. Identify this scientist. (Sir Richard) Owen
What name is given to an offspring of a goose? Gosling
What name is given to an offspring of a kangaroo? Joey
What name is given to an offspring of a goat? Kid
Identify the plant part based upon a description. This is a stalk that connects the stigma to the ovary. It facilitates the movement of the male gamete to the ovule. Style
Identify the plant part based upon a description. It is composed of four pollen sacs called microsporangia and it is one part of the stamen of a flower. Identify this part that pairs with the filament to create the male portion of the flower. Anther
Identify the plant part based upon a description. This tissue which makes up a large portion of plants, functions to transport water throughout the plant through transpirational pull and root pressure. Identify this plant part. Xylem
What is the name given to a group of gorillas? Band
What is the name given to a group of crows? Murder
What is the name given to a group of hares? Warren
What is studied in the field of biology known as bryology? Mosses or just moss
What is studied in the field of biology known as malacology? Mollusks
What is studied in the field of biology known as oology? Eggs
It is caused by Giardia lamblia, a flagellate protist and is spread mainly by infected water and feces. Identify the nickname of the disease taken from the name of a great leader of the Aztecs. Montezuma’s Revenge
It is caused by Giardia lamblia, a flagellate protist and is spread mainly by infected water and feces. Identify the nickname of the disease taken from the name of an Indian city and a rhyming part of the anatomy. (New) Delhi Belly
It is caused by Giardia lamblia, a flagellate protist and is spread mainly by infected water and feces. Identify the nickname of the disease taken from the men who traveled through the wilderness and encountered the disease in contaminated water. Hiker’s Diarrhea or Traveler’s Diarrhea
Caused by a virus, this disease exhibits latency and can be dormant for several years. There is no cure. Its main symptom is fever blisters, spread primarily through contact with infected saliva. Identify this disease, caused by a virus abbreviated HSV. Herpes
Caused by a virus, this incurable disease can be fatal. Approximately 1% of the United States population is infected and its main symptoms, when they manifest themselves, are flulike in nature. Identify this disease, caused by a virus abbreviated HBV. Hepatitis B
Caused by a virus, there is no cure for this disease which is rarely fatal. There is no vaccine and symptoms may last several weeks with the most evident being excessive tiredness. Identify this disease, caused by a virus abbreviated EBV. Mono(nucleosis)
What general biological and physiological term is defined as “any detectable change in the internal or external environment, such as a change in temperature, potassium concentration or blood pressure?” Stimulus
What general biological and physiological term is defined as “a detector on which the stimulus acts to produce a signal that is relayed to an integrating center?” Receptor
What general biological and physiological term is defined as “a specific involuntary, unpremeditated, unlearned, built-in response to a particular stimulus?” Reflex
This is the term given to solutions that cause cells to swell because water diffuses into the cell from its higher concentration in the extracellular fluid. Identify this term. Hypotonic
This is the general term given to solutions when they have a total solute concentration less than that of normal extracellular fluid. Identify this term. Hypoosmotic
Both hypotonic and hypoosmotic contain the prefix –hypo meaning what? Too Little or Below or Less Than
These are membrane-bound vesicular and tube-like structures that lie between the plasma membrane and the Golgi apparatus. They are involved in sorting, modifying and directing vesicular traffic in cells. Identify these structures. Endosomes
These structures are moderately dense oval bodies enclosed by a single membrane. Like mitochondria, they consume molecular oxygen. This oxygen undergoes reactions that remove hydrogen. Identify these structures, where one product is H2O2. Peroxisomes
These structures are spherical or oval organelles surrounded by a single membrane. A typical cell can contain hundreds of these structures. The fluid within these structures is highly acidic. Identify these digestive structures. Lysosomes
Given a year and a description, identify the Nobel Prize winner or Co-winner in Medicine. 1933, for his discoveries concerning the role played by the chromosome in heredity. (Thomas Hunt) Morgan
Given a year and a description, identify the Nobel Prize winner or Co-winner in Medicine. 1923, one of the two winners for their discovery of insulin. (Frederick Grant) Banting or (John James Richard) Macleod
Given a year and a description, identify the Nobel Prize winner or Co-winner in Medicine. Co-winner in 1953, for his discovery of the Citric Acid Cycle. (Hans) Krebs
Produced by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland, what hormone targets the uterus and functions to stimulate contraction? Oxytocin
Produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, what hormone targets the mammary glands and stimulates milk production? Prolactin
Produced by the adrenal cortex, what hormone targets the kidney tubules and maintains a proper balance of potassium and sodium ions within? Aldosterone
This type of fruit has a single seed enclosed in a hard pit. Examples include peaches, apricots, plums and cherries. Identify this type of fruit. Drupes
This type of fruit is derived from a single flower with more than one ovary. Examples include strawberries, raspberries and blackberries. Identify this type of fruit. Aggregate Fruit
This type of fruit has a cluster of bracts at the base. Sometimes, this cluster appears cuplike. Examples include filberts and acorns, but do not include almonds. Identify this type of fruit. Nuts
What type of neurons conveys information from the tissues and organs of the body into the central nervous system? Afferent Neurons
What type of neurons transmits electrical signals from the central nervous system out to muscle cells, glands and other neurons? Efferent Neurons
What type of neurons function simply to connect neurons within the central nervous system? Interneurons
Often collected for their beauty, they have two pairs of broad, scaly, flying wings which are often brightly colored. Identify this order of insects which undergo complete metamorphosis and whose members include butterflies and moths. Lepidoptera
Often social, they are known to many by their sting. They have two pairs of transport flying wings and well-developed eyes. Identify this order of insects which undergo complete metamorphosis and whose members include bees, wasps and ants. Hymenoptera
Among the most primitive of the insect order, they have two pairs of transparent flying wings and a large, long and slender body. Identify this order of insects that undergo simple metamorphosis and whose main member is the dragonfly. Odonata
In this type of symbiotic relationship, one species benefits while the other is neither harmed nor helped. Commensalism
In this type of symbiotic relationship, both species benefit in some way. Mutualism
In this type of symbiotic relationship, generally one of the two species is much smaller than the other. The smaller victim serves a purpose as somewhat of a predator and lives off the other one. Identify this type of relationship. Parasitism
Given the name of a virus, identify the disease that it causes. Epstein-Barr Virus or EBV. Mononucleosis or Mono
Given the name of a virus, identify the disease that it causes. Variola. Smallpox
Given the name of a virus, identify the disease that it causes. Rhabdovirus. Rabies or Hydrophobia
Ophiology is the study of what animals? Snakes
Acarology is the study of what type of insects? Mites or ticks
Cetology is the study of what animals? Whales or marine mammals
Generally, carnivores have shorter intestines because they don't have to digest plant material as herbivores do. Since cellulose resists digestion, many animals such as cows have stomachs with multiple chambers. What name is given to these mammals? Ruminant(s)
In birds, since no teeth are present, a two-chambered stomach is used for digestion. One of these chambers contains pebbles ingested by the bird to help break down and churn food. What is the name given to this chamber? Gizzard
Many herbivores such as rabbits and horses digest cellulose in a blind pouch at the beginning of the small intestine. What is the name given to this pouch? Cecum
These hormones function in the promotion of stem growth; formation of roots; promotion of cell division; induction of ethylene production and promotion of lateral bud dormancy. They are found in the apical meristems and other immature parts of the plant. Auxin(s)
These hormones function in the stimulation of cell division, but only in the presence of auxin. They support chloroplast development, delay of leaf aging and promotion of bud formation. They are found in the root apical meristem and immature fruits. Cytokinin(s)
These hormones function in the promotion of stem elongation; stimulation of enzyme production in germinating seeds. They are found in the roots and shoot tips, young leaves and seeds. Gibberellin(s)
Given two traits, identify them as either recessive or dominant. Blue Eyes and Hemophilia. Both are Recessive
Given two traits, identify them as either recessive or dominant. Freckles and Huntington’s Disease. Freckles – Dominant, Huntington’s – Recessive
Given two traits, identify them as either recessive or dominant. Polydactyly and Tay-Sachs Disease. Both are Recessive
Given a 3-letter abbreviation for one of the 20 amino acids, identify the amino acid. Ile (“I-L-E”) Isoleucine
Given a 3-letter abbreviation for one of the 20 amino acids, identify the amino acid. Asn Asparagine
Given a 3-letter abbreviation for one of the 20 amino acids, identify the amino acid. Glu Glutamic Acid
Of the four people most closely associated with the discovery of DNA, she was the only one not recognized with the Nobel Prize. She used X-ray crystallography to determine the helical nature of the molecule. Identify her. (Rosalind) Franklin
Identify this person involved with the discovery of DNA. A study after WWII by this man proved that the amounts of adenine and thymine are always equal and the amounts of guanine and cytosine are always equal. Identify this scientist. (Erwin) Chargaff
In 1958 at Caltech, two scientists grew bacteria in a medium containing the heavy isotope of nitrogen. They separated DNA by density and compared the molecules. Their conclusions proved semiconservative replication. Identify either of these 2 scientists. (Matthew) Meselson or (Franklin) Stahl
Identify the class to which the following organism belongs. Honeybee. Insecta or Insects
Identify the class to which the following organism belongs. Red Squirrel. Mammalia or Mammals
Identify the class to which the following organism belongs. Red Oak Tree. Dicotyledones or Dicotyledons or Dicots
In 1997, this scientist gained fame when he and his team created the first clone from a differentiated animal cell. (Ian) Wilmut
He won the 1933 Nobel Prize in Physiology for proving further the theories of Gregor Mendel and developing new theories of genetics using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. (Thomas Hunt) Morgan
In 2002, the Raelian cult announced that they had cloned the world’s first human, named Eve. In 2003 they claimed to have cloned another baby for a Dutch couple. However, neither were proven true. Identify the company who supposedly cloned these children. Clonaid
Among the first of the archaebacteria to be studied in detail was this bacteria that converts CO2 and H2 into CH4. Identify this type of anaerobic bacteria that are responsible for marsh gas. Methanogen(s)
Another type of archaebacteria to be heavily studied is this type of bacteria, who only live in areas where the salt concentration is at least 2 Molar, some 10 times that of the oceans. Identify this type of bacteria whose name is Greek for “Salt Lover.” Halophile(s)
Not an archaebacteria, this second group of bacteria contain extremely strong cell walls and simpler gene architecture. Most bacteria living today fall into this group. Identify this broad group that includes the cyanobacteria. Eubacteria
This is a cytoskeletal protein that lines the inside of the cell membrane. It forms a supporting scaffold beneath the membrane and is anchored to both the membrane and the cytoskeleton. Identify this protein. Spectrin
This protein anchors certain proteins to specific sites, especially on the exterior cell membrane in receptor-mediated endocytosis. This protein lines coated pits and facilitates binding to specific molecules. Identify this protein. Clathrin
This type of protein is composed of a carbohydrate and a protein. This protein functions for the immune system to recognize a condition known as major histocompatibility complex. Identify this type of protein. Glycoprotein(s)
This zone of the ocean lies less than 300 meters below the surface along the coasts of continents and islands. The zone is inhabited by large numbers of species. Identify this zone which includes the intertidal and littoral regions. Neritic Zone
In this zone, below the Neritic Zone, plankton float freely and fish and other large organisms make up the nekton, who feed on the plankton and each other. Organisms in this zone make up 40% of the photosynthesis that occurs on Earth. Identify this zone. Pelagic Zone
Lying at below 1000 feet, this zone has about twice the area of all the land on Earth. Believed to contain a major reservoir of undiscovered species, identify this zone where many animals live on geothermal energy. Abyssal Zone or Benthic Zone
What organ of the human body is responsible for storing excess bile produced in the liver? Gall bladder
The mouth, breathing passages, and digestive tract all contain what kind of membrane, which secretes a tiny bacteria-trapping substance on the surface? Mucous Membrane
The buildup of what gas in the atmosphere is believed to cause the Greenhouse Effect? Carbon Dioxide or CO2
What is the scientific name for the system of the human body which includes the heart and blood vessels? Circulatory
What is the scientific name for the system of the human body which includes the trachea, mouth, nose, and lungs? Respiratory
What phrase, alluding to a fish so hungry it swallows not only the bait but the fishhook, the weight and some of the fishing line means “completely or in every way?” Hook, Line and Sinker
In what class of animals do snakes and lizards belong? Reptiles
In what class of animals do bats, horses, and humans belong? Mammals
In what class of animals do frogs, toads, and salamanders belong? Amphibians
This zone is characterized by a summer rainy season and cooler dry season. An example is the savannah. Tropical
This zone is characterized by occasional frost and a summer rainfall maximum. An example is the somewhat frost-sensitive evergreen forest. Warm Temperate
This zone is characterized by a moderate climate with winter freezing. An example is the frost-resistant, deciduous, temperate forest. Nemoral
Place them in chronological order starting with the earliest. A. Watson and Crick discover DNA B. Lucy discovered in Ethiopia C. Human Genome Project begins D. Barbara McClintock becomes first woman to win an unshared Nobel Prize in Medicine A, B, D, C (In order: 1957, 1974, 1983, 1990)
Place them in chronological order starting with the earliest. A.Rachel Carson publishes Silent Spring B.Ian Wilmut clones Dolly C.Dr. Christiaan Barnard performs the first heart transplant. D.Laika the dog becomes first living creature to enter orbit D, A, C, B (In order: 1957, 1962, 1967, 1996)
Place in order starting with earliest. A.Fleming discovers penicillin B.Japanese capture 1st video of giant squid C.FDA allows sale & consumption of meat/milk from cloned animals in the U.S. D.The Cleveland Clinic approves face transplant surgery. A, D, B, C (In order: 1928, 2004, 2006, 2007)
Given two drugs, identify each as an amphetamine, opiate or hallucinogen. Ritalin and PCP. Ritalin – amphetamine, PCP – hallucinogen
Given two drugs, identify each as an amphetamine, opiate or hallucinogen. Morphine and Adderall. Morphine – opiate, Adderall – amphetamine
Given two drugs, identify each as an amphetamine, opiate or hallucinogen. Deadly Nightshade and Mescaline. Both are hallucinogens
In plants, this is a green, leaf-like structure that encloses and protects the unopened flower bud. Name this plant structure. Sepal
In plants, this is one of the modified leaves of the flower that encloses the ovules; this term sometimes refers to the entire female reproductive organ, otherwise known as the pistil. Name this plant structure. Carpel
In plants, this is the non-reproductive portion of a flower comprised of the calyx and corolla. Name this plant structure. Perianth
Created by: MorganT932