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RT 234 Vocabulary

Respiratory, Reproductive, Neuro Terms

QuestionAnswer
Agenesis No lung formed
Hypoplasis Underdevelopment
Atelectasis Collapse of the whole or part of a lung from obstruction of a bronchus.
Bronchiectasis Dilation of a bronchus.
Pneumonitis Inflammation of a lung
Pleurisy Inflammation of the pleura
Pleural effusion Fluid in the pleural cavity
Empyema Pus in the pleural cavity
Hemothorax Blood in the pleural cavity
Pneumothorax Air in the pleural cavity
Lobectomy One of the pulmonary lobes is removed.
Pneumonectomy Entire lung is removed.
Thoracoplasty Ribs are cut through in several places and flattened in order to cause collapse of a lung.
Thoracocentesis Insertion of a hollow needle through the chest wall into the pleural cavity to remove air or fluid
Agenesis Absence of a kidney
Horseshoe kidney Two kidneys joined acrosss the median line, usually at their lower ends.
Polycystic kidneys Large cysts within the kidneys.
Ectopic kidney Not in the normal position, often in the pelvis.
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder.
Pyelitis Inflammation of a renal pelvis
Ptosis Kidney located below its normal level
Polyuria An excess of urine is secreted.
Hydronephrosis Dilation of a renal pelvis and its calyces as a result of some obstruction in the renal pelvis or ureter.
Urography Procedure used to outline the calyces, pelves, ureters and bladder by filling them with an opaque medium and taking radiographs.
Intravenous urography Intravenous injection of an opaque medium into a vein, to be excreted by the kidneys.
Retrograde urography Instillation of an opaque medium by a urologists into the ureters through small catheters introduced through the urethra and bladder into the ureters.
Cystography Instillation of an opaque medium or of air into the urinary bladder.
Endometritis Inflammation of the lining membrane of the uterus.
Endometriosis Islands or implants of endometrium scattered on the surfaces of the abdominal and pelvic organs.
Ectopic pregnancy Pregnancy developing outside of the uterus.
Hysterectomy Removal of the uterus at operation.
Oophorectomy Operative removal of an ovary.
Salpingectomy Operative removal of a uterine tube.
Mastectomy (Mammectomy) Operative removal of a breast.
Cryptochidism Non-descent of the testes into the scrotum.
Epididymitis Inflammation of the epididymis.
Seminoma Cancer of the tubles of the testis.
Anencephalus Absence of a brain.
Hydrocephalus Large head due to fluid on the brain.
Microcephalus Small head
Meningocele Swelling in the midline of the usbject's back due to a hernia of the spinal cord and meninges through a defect in a vertebral arch.
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain.
Meningitis Inflammation of the meninges
Created by: rad1958tech