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surgery

ST cert (whiteBook) chap 5

QuestionAnswer
Which cranial nerve is affected by trigeminal neuralgia "V"
What is used to lubricate the donor site and reduce friction from dermatome? Mineral oil
Which of the following is an example of proper sterile technique when performing the prep for a split-thickness skin graft? Donor site first
What is the recommended range of intra-abdominal pressure in an adult patient when using an insufflator during a laparoscopic procedure? 12-15 mm hg
Which of these terms refers to the inability to direct both eyes at the same time. Strabismus
What is used to retract the spermatic cord during an inguinal herniorraphy Penrose drain
Whys is an indwelling Foley caterers placed prior to a hysterectomy? To avoid bladder injury
Which scissor is the best choice for extending an arterial incision? Potts-smith
Which of the following is used to stain the cervix for a Schiller's test? Lugol's solution
Which of the following arises from the left ventricle of the heart? Ascending aorta
What method is used to confirm that items have been exposed to the sterilization process, but sterility is not guaranteed Chemical
Why would the hair of a patient undergoing craniotomy be bagged, labeled and saved? It is pts. property
When preparing a double basin for sterilization, the Basin should be separated by a porous, absorbent towels
Which structure, during a total hip arthroplasty, requires intramedullary reaming prior to placement of the prosthesis Femoral canal
What is least the least restricted form of credentialing? Registration
What drug classification is Demerol? analgesic
What should be transported to the PACU with a patient who under went a thyroidectomy? Tracheotomy tray
What is the abbreviation for Sodium Chloride NaCl
Which organelle is responsible for packaging of proteins? Golgi complex
Which procedure would utilize the instrument shown below hemorrrhoidectomy
What tips of treatment does a patient authorize when signing a general consent form? All routine treatment s or procedures
Which medication can be used as a tropical jelly during cystoscopy procedures? Xylocaine
Which of the following is a primary postoperative complication of carotid Endarterectomy? Stroke
When is it acceptable to open surgical dressing sponges? After final count
What is the correct procedure to follow when a sterilized rigid instrument container is opened and condensation is observed? Don't use return to Sterile Processing Department
Which method of sterilization requires an aeration cycle? EtO
Elevated IOP in a glaucoma patient is a result of excess: aqueous humor
Where should the grounding pad be placed on a patient undergoing a laparoscopic cholecystectomy who has a right prosthesis? Left anterior thigh
The Trendelenburg position is often used for the surgery on the: Lower abdomen and pelvis
The large artery that arises from the left side of the aortic arch and descends into the arm is the: Subclavian
Lesions in which part of the brain may affect balance and coordination? Cerebellum
What utilizes the process of cavitation? Ultrasonic cleaner
What is the name for a dorsally angulated fracture of the dial radius colles'
Which ligament is transected during surgery for De Quervain's disuses? dorsal carpal
In order to minimize mucosal irritation during urinary cauterization, the tip of the caterers is dipped in which of the following? k-y jelly
How often is a medication prescribed as QID to be taken per day? 4 times
What type of external dressing would be used to eliminated dead space Pressure
In the prone position, patient are placed on chest rolls to prevent Compromised ventilation
What position is used in a LAVH? Lithotomy
a left subcostal incision would be used to expos the spleen
Intraoperatively, Lidocaine and epiephine may be contraindicated in patients who are: Hypertensive
What approach is used for the removal of a small acoustic neuroma that is located in the internal auditory canal? Middle fossa
What must be obtained from a patient undergoing surgical procedures, fertility treatments, chemotherapy or experimental treatment Special written consent
What drug is used to treat hypotension and shock Levophed
What drug agent used to expand blood plasma volume is Dextran
What does the term chole/ refer to? Bile
When preparing instruments for sterilization, all the following are completed with the exception of: Lining the tray with a nonwoven disposable wrapper
What is an initial incision for a abdominalplasty Lower transverse
When preparing for a rhinoplasty, the exostosis in the nose is removed with a Chisel
What type of sterilization required the use of the Bowie-Dick test? Pre-vaccum steam
What is the first federal act to establish patient privacy standards? Health insurance Portability and Accountability Act
What should the ST wear when transporting a patient with TB from PACU to the isolation patient room? Surgical mask
How is the informed consent signed if a patient is illiterate? pts. marks with an "X"
What agents should not be used to disinfect endoscopes Isopropyl alcohol
What is used to expose the meatus during urethral catheterization? non-dominate hand
What is the following is the second phase of wound healing Proliferation
What muscle is commonly used for TRAM reconstruction is a mammoplasty? Rectus Abdominis
The patient is never positioned until the: Anesthesia provider gives permission
What term refers to cell "drinking" Pinocytosis
What does hypertension mean? High blood pressure
What type of fire extinguisher should be available wen using a laser Halon
What is the major side affect of thrombolytics? Hemorrhage
If a sterile glove becomes contaminated during a procedure, what action should the ST take? Circulator pulls off the glove: regloves using open technique
What type of suture technique is used to invert the stump of the appendix during an appendectomy purse string
What is the proper procedure for removing a laparotomy drape? ST holds the dressing in place: rolls drape head to feet
Gerota's fascia is located: Around the kidney
What activity can aggravate the symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia? Chewing
What is the purpose of maintaining 20% to 60% relative humidity in the OR. Decrease static electricity
What is the surgical instrument is used thread the drilled hole for the screw during an ORIF? Tap
Which of the following pathology would be treated by transphenoidal hypophysectomy procedure? Pituitary neoplasm
The muscles that cause strabismus are the extrinsic
What is the minimum required number of people to transfer a patient from the OR table to the stretcher 4
When used as a skin prep, which of the following should be allowed to thoughly dry if eletrocautery will be used? Alcohols and tinctures
Health care acquired infections are most commonly associated with: use of urinary catheters
What is the technical term for robotic arms manipulators
What procedures would the surgeon check for anastomotic leaks by injecting air into the rectum, looking for bubbles in the flied filled peritoneal cavity low anterior resection
What are varicosities of the rectum and anus Hemorrhoids
Vitamins A D E and K are absorbed in the Intestines
The preoperative exsanguination of an extremity prior to inflating a tourniquet is accomplished with: Esmarch
What vessels are harvested for the use of a CABG? Internal mammary artery
What retractors would be used to retract the muscles during a hip pinning? Bennett
The surgical re-anastomosis of the vas deferens is called a Vasovasostomy
What type of laser is used to remove polymethyl methacrylate from a cemented joint implant during a revision arthroplasty Carbon dioxide
Sound waves travel though the external auditory canal and strike the: Tympanic membrane
In a large abdominal wounds that require frequent dressing changes, which of the following will minimize the skin break-down? Montgomery straps
What position devices would be used for a LAVH Allen Stirrups
The term mentoplasty refers to surgery of the chin
What situation could cause a patient's signature on a surgical informed consent to be challenged in court Patient received preoperative medications
What is the importance of humidity when using a EtO sterilization? Hydrate spores and bacteria
What is the purpose of polymethyl methacrylate during a cranioplasty filling cranioplasty defects
The appropriate location when placing the grounding pad is over a Fleshy area
Which catheter is used for an angioplasty Fogarty
A hernia that presents through Hesselbach's triangle is direct
The medial malleolus is part of which bone Tibia
What is preformed prior to implantation of a Dacron knit polyester graft? Preclotting
What structure articulates with the head of the femur? Acetabulum
An abnormal bending backward of the uterus is called Retro flexion
What type of clip is a raney Scalp
The cillary body is part of which layer of the eye? Vascular
What drug is a miotic Pilocarpine
Which of the following is a violation of Standard Precautions during postoperative case management? Retrieve reusable trocar from the sharps container
What type of monitoring equipment is a noninvasive assessment of oxygen saturation of arterial blood? pulse oximetry
How are femoral shaft fractures in an adult repaired? Intramedullary nailing
What instruments would be used to dilate the male urethra? Van Buren
To determine the process for preparing surgical instruments for use on tissue and within a body cavity, they are classified as critical
The harrington retractor allows for gentle elevation of what anatomical structure liver
What is the term for the division of a reproductive cell into two cells with chromosome cells meiosis
What does the term dys- mean difficult
After the patient is extubated, which device is often used to maintain the airway around the relaxed tongue oropharyngeal airway
Which breast procedure describes a mastectomy Surgical removal
What is done to the common bile duct during a choledochojejunostomy? anastomosed
What procedures would a tourniquet be unnecessary? hip arthroplasty
What anatomical sites would be prepped last when performing a skin prep for a colostomy reversal procedure Stoma
What surgical procedure is preformed to relieve pressure on the median nerve? Endoscopic carpal tunnel release
What is the proper procedure for turning the sterile gown? Hand tag to circulator , circulator goes around gown
What does the term "os" mean opening
What is not a function of the trachea Amplify speech
What condition is characterized by the sudden onset of floating sots before the eyes? Retinal detachment
One of the most effective germicidal for cold sterilization is 2% glutaraldehyde
From what laminectomy instrument would intervertebral disc fragments be cleaned Pituitary
What type of suture is used for vascular re-anastomosis? Absorbable monofilament
What molecule is broken down when body cells require energy? ATP
What represents a saddle joint? Thumb and trapezium
During an EtO sterilization cycle, humidity is maintained at 20-80%
An emergency drug given to stabilize ventricular fibrillation is Isoproterenol
Creating a positive pressure air supply for each OR will minimize airborne bacteria entering the room
Which is an acceptable antiseptic solution for a skin prep Povidone-Iodine
During a total hip arthroplasty, which instrument is used after intramedullary reaming to reshape the proximal femoral canal rasp
What assesses the electrical activity of the nervous system? Electroencephalogram
130. The functional unit of the kidney responsible for removing waste and regulating fluid is the Nephron
Which of the following is an intermediate-level disinfectant? Isopropyl alcohol
Which vein of an infant patient is a central venous catheter inserted? internal jugular
After the patient leave the OR, the reusable items should be taken to the decontamination room: inside a closed case cart
A clamp used for occluding a peripheral vessel is: Debakey
During a total hip arthroplasty, which type of device prevents polymethyl methacrylate from filling the medullary canal distal to the prosthesis Restrictor
Which of the following is proper technique when applying a grounding pad? Avoid placing pad on buttocks
Which of the following sutures are packaged is alcohol to maintain pliability? Natural absorbable
What procedure should be followed for securing consent for surgery for an inconscious patient requiring emergency surgery whose family members or guardian cannot be contacted? two consulting physicians agree
What gynecologic procedure includes removal of the reproductive organs, bladder and rectum? Pelvic exoneration
Isopropl alcohol is bactericidal, which means it: kills bacteria
Use of a one-step applicator with little or no pressure on skin would be indicated in what conditions? Abdominal aortic aneurysm
A postoperative anesthesia complication when intubating a patient is: laryngospasm
The process by which glucose is stored as glycogen is Glycogenesis
The large, leaf-shaped laryngeal cartilage that acts as a "trap door" over the larynx is the: Epiglottitis
Use of the Van Buran sounds might be necessary for urethral catheterization in patients with which of the following Urethral stricture
The four fluid filled spaces of the brain are: Ventricles
For which surgical procedure would bupivacaine with epinephrine be contraindication? Trigger finger release
What term describes an individual who harbors a pathogen but displays no signs or symptoms? Carrier
What procedure is performed before completing an ileal conduit? Cystectomy
What is the recommended postoperative handling of reusable instruments used on a patient with Creutzfelt-Jacob disease? Place in biohazard bad then destroy
In what anatomical structure would a T-tube most likely be placed? Common bile duct
What type of procedure in performed to treat tumors of the pituitary gland? Transphenoidal hypopysectomy
What would be an inappropriate manner for the handling of surgical specimen Frozen specimen sent to lab on a raytec sponges
What instruments would be used during a suprapublic prostatectomy? Bladder retractor
What is a type of non-retaining catheter? whistle
Truescent solution is used in Suction lipectomy
The walls of the vagina are lined with Mucosa
What drug counteracts metabolic acidosis? Sodium bicarbonate
What wound classification would be assigned to a compound fracture? Contaminated
What type of dye is used intravenously to verify patency of the fallopian tubes during a pelvic procedure Methylene blue
Pneumoperitoneum is utilized during a laparoscopy to do a: Create a safe working space
What is required pressure for a steam sterilizer set as a temperature of 250 degrees? 15-17
What is the most commonly used thermal method of hemostasis a cranial neurosurgery? Bipolar eletrocautery
A patient that has sudden onset of SOB in the PACIU may indicate: Pulmonary embolism
A wrapped instrument set that will be run in the steam prevacuum sterilizer at 270 degrees must be sterilized for a minimum of: 4 mins
Which of the following sutures is a nonabsorbable monofilament frequently used in vascular procedure? Polypropylene
Which of the following defines anaerobic? Without Oxygen
What nerve of the lower leg must be protected from pressure when placing the patient in the lithotomy position? Peroneal
Exophalmos due to Grave's disease is associated with what gland Thyroid
Where should the Foley indwelling catheter drainage bag be positioned after insertion of the catheter? Lower than the level of the bladder
The suture f the adult skull are examples of: Synarthroses
A ventilation system that provides a unidirectional positive-pressure air flow at a high air exchange rate in the OR is: Laminar air flow
Catabolism of fats produces: Ketone bodies
What is the principle reason for performing a preoperative skin prep? Remove transient flora and produce resident flora
What is the part of the brain that is responsible for controlling the body temperature? Hypothalamus
the end
Created by: dhardiman