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Anglo-Saxon Period

SAHS British Lit Mid-term

The Celts were farmers and hunters organized into tightly knit clans
Animism celtic religion, saw spirit everywhere
Druids a class of priest who presided over religious rituals
Hadrian's Wall a wall built by the Romans to protect from Picts and Scots
Early Anglo-Saxon Life the angles, saxons and jutes came from Denmark, Holland, Germany, and Scandinavia and fought the Celts to take over parts of the island
Anglo-Saxon Society each tribe ruled by a king chosen by elders three levels of society the Thanes (upper Class warriors), Thralls (slaves), and Freemen (small group who earned possessions and special favors)
Old English was a language that developed out of the small kingdoms merging into 7 large ones: Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, Sussex, Essex, East Anglia, Kent
Characteristics of Anglo-Saxons hard fighters, bold warriors, admired for physical strength, bravery, loyalty, fairness and honesty
Role of Ango-Saxon Women inherited property, many went into religious communities with the coming of Christianity
Heroic Poetry recounts the achievements of warriors involved in great battles
Elegiac Poetry sorrowful laments that mourn the deaths of loved ones and the loss of the past
Caedmon and Cynewulf were two anglo-saxon poets
The Scops a communal hall offering shelter and a place for council meetings, also a place for storytellers or bards to share their stories
The Anglo-Saxons valued storytelling as equal to fighting,hunting, and farming
Beowolf is an epic
an Epic is a long, heroic poem, about a great pagan warrior renowned for his courage, strength, and dignity, references to christian ideas and latin classics
Anglo-Saxon Beliefs pagan, polytheistic, pessimistic view of life, human life is in the hands of fate
The Venerable Bede a monk considered the father of english history, and wrote a History of the English Church and People
Alfred the Great king of Wessex and fought off the Danes, he translated the Bede's history and other works from Latin into english
Viking Raids sacked and plundered monasteries, stole sacred religious objects, burned communities, murdered villagers, halted the growth of learning
Danelaw the name of the new territory that the Vikings had gained in the middle of the ninth century
Danelaw contributions were military fortresses and trading centers, expanded english vocabulary
King Edward the Confessor was a christian who by his association with the Normans weakened Saxon Power
Battle of Hastings William of Normandy defeats Harrold
Created by: tbostwick