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Adv Spreadsheet All

All Units

QuestionAnswer
Accent A variation on a theme color
Border A line that prints along the side of a table cell or around the outside of selected text
Conditional format A setting that applies formatting only when a cell's value meets a specified condition
Custom color A color you specify as a mixture of red, blue, and green color values, which makes available 17.7 million custom colors – more than the eye can distinguish
Font A set of characters that uses the same typeface, style and size
Font size Determined by point size, which is a unit of measurement equal approximately to 1/72 of an inch
Font style Various ways that fonts can be displayed, such as regular, italic, bold or bold italic, a special attribute applies to the characters of a font
Format painter A button that when selected copies a format from one cell range to another
Formatting To change the appearance, not the data, of a workbook
General number format Default number format that automatically displays numbers, for the most part, the same way as you enter them
Header Text that appears at the top of every page in a document
Manual page break A page break you insert anywhere on a page
Merge To combine the main document with a data source
Page break Location in a worksheet that determines where a new page begins
Print area Selected portion of a worksheet to be printed
Print title Information that prints on each page
Standard color A color that is always available regardless of the workbook's theme
Style A saved collection of formatting options - number formats, text alignment, font sizes and colors, borders, and background fills - that can be applied to cells in a worksheet
Table A collection of data arranged in rows and columns
Table style A setting that applies styles to four table elements (header row, first column, last column, and totals row)
Theme A designed collection of formatting options that include colors, graphics, and background images
Theme color The 12 colors that belong to a workbook's theme
Theme font A font associated with a particular design theme and used for headings and body text
Footer Text that appears at the bottom of every page in a document or at the bottom of every slide in a presentation
Absolute reference Cell reference that points to a specific cell and does not change when copied, appears with a dollar sign ($) before each column and row designation
Argument Specifies the numbers, text, or cell references used by the function to calculate a value
AutoFill A tool that enable you to copy the contents of the selected cells by dragging the fill handle over another adjacent cell or range of cells rather than using the Copy and Paste commands.
Date function A category of functions that store and calculate dates as numeric values, representing the number of days since January 1, 1900
Financial function A category of functions that calculate values from loans and investments
IF function A logical function that returns one value if the statement is true and another value if the statement is false
Interest The amount charged for lending money
Logical function A category of functions that tests, or evaluates, whether a condition, usually entered as an expression, is true or false
Mixed reference Cell reference that contains both relative and absolute references
Nested Functions or other parts of a formula placed inside another function
PMT function The financial function to calculate the amount paid into an investment or loan during each payment period
Principal The amount of money being loaned
Relative reference In a formula, the address of a cell range based on the position of the cell that contains the formula and the cell the formula refers to. When copied, the reference is adjusted to reflect the new location of the cell containing the formula
Simple interest The type of interest in which the interest paid is equal to a percentage of principal for each period that the money has been lent
Bar chart A column chart turned on its side so each bar length is based on its value
Category values The group or category to which a series value belongs
Chart graph that provides a visual representation for the workbook data
Chart area The entire chart and all the elements contained in the chart or graph, such as the title and legend
Chart sheet A new sheet that is automatically inserted into the workbook, occupies the entire document window, and provides more space and details for the chart
Chart title Term that appears above the plot area and describes the contents of the plot area and the data series
Column chart A type of chart that displays values in different categories as columns; the height of each column is based on its value
Combination chart A chart that combines two or more chart types into a single graph
Data label Text associated with a data value
Data marker The graphical representation of the values in the data series of a chart, including items such as each column in a column chart, the pie slices in a pie chart, and the points used in a XY scatter chart
Data series A range of data values that is plotted as a unit on the chart
Data source Any file that contains the data you want to retrieve
Embedded chart A chart that is displayed within a worksheet and one that you can place alongside the data source, giving context to the chart
Exploded pie chart A chart with one slice moved away from the pie as if someone were taking the piece out of the pie
Graph Another name for chart
Gridlines A line that extends across the plot area indicating the location of tick marks on the chart's horizontal or vertical axes
Group A collection of buttons for related commands; allows changes in one worksheet to affect other worksheets also; allows different shapes to be moved as one shape
Horizontal (category) axis On this axis, or x-axis, are the data series' category values, or x values
Leader line In a pie chart, a line that connects a data label outside of a pie slice to its corresponding label when space limitations force data labels far from its slice
Legend A table on a chart listing and explaining the symbols used
Line chart A chart that compares values from several categories with a sequential order, such as dates and times that occur at evenly-spaced intervals. The values are indicated by the height of the line.
Major tick mark The indication of the major units of increment on the x- or y-axis
Perspective The illusion that some parts of the 3-D chart are farther away from you than others
Pie chart A chart in the shape of a circle that shows data values as percentage of the whole
Plot area A rectangular area containing a graphical representation of the values in the data series
Primary value axis The axis in a column chart that displays the primary values associated with the heights of each column
Resizing handle A square or dot on a selecting box that lets you change an object's width and height
Scale The range of values that spans along an axis
Secondary value axis The axis in a column chart that displays the secondary values associated with the heights of each column
Series name The name of the data series
Series values The actual data displayed in a chart
Vertical (Value) Axis The y-axis where, for example, data values, such as sales values, are plotted
XY scatter chart A chart that shows the patterns or relationship between two or more sets of values
Ascending order Sorts text alphabetically from A to Z, numbers from smallest to largest, and dates from oldest to newest
Category field A field used to group the values in a PivotTable
Clear To remove
Column header Field Name
Criteria filter Conditions that you specify for a filter
Custom list The sequence you specify to sort data
Data definition table Documentation that lists the fields to be maintained for each record and description of the information each field will include
Descending order Sorts text in reverse alphabetical order from Z to A, numbers from largest to smallest, and dates from newest to oldest
Field An attribute or characteristic of a person, place, or thing (such as a last name, address, city, or state)
Field name A unique label that describes the contents of the data in a column; also called a column header
Filter The process of temporarily hiding records that do not meet the specified criteria
Header row The row of field names
PivotChart A graphical representation of the data in a PivotTable in which you can interactively add, remove, filter, and refresh data fields
PivotTable An interactive table that enables you to group and summarize either a range of data or a table into a concise, tabular format for easier reporting and analysis
Primary sort field The first sort field
Record A collection of related fields that are grouped together, each row represents one
Refresh To update
Report filter Filters the PivotTable to display summarized data for one or more field items or all field items area
Secondary sort field The second sort field
Sort field A field you use to order data
Total row A row at the end of a table that is used to calculate summary statistics for the columns in the table
Value field In a PivotTable, a field that contains summary data
3-D reference The same cell or range in multiple worksheets in the same workbook
Custom template A workbook template you can create that is ready to run with the formulas for all calculations included as well as formatting
Default template A template that creates the blank Book1 workbook that originally opens. The default template contains no text or formulas.
Destination file The workbook that receives the data when two files are linked
External reference A reference to a cell or range in a worksheet in another workbook
HTML A language that is used to create web pages
Hyperlink A link in a file to information within that file or another file that, when clicked, switches to the file or portion of the file referenced by the link
Link A connection between the files that allows data to be transferred from one file to the other
Source file The workbook that contains the data when two files are linked
Template A workbook that you can open with labels, formats and formulas already built into it from which you create new workbooks
Worksheet group A collection of two or more selected worksheets in which everything you do to the active worksheet also affects the other worksheets in the group
Workspace A file that saves information about all of the currently opened workbooks, such as their locations, window size, zoom magnifications, and other settings
AND function A logical function that returns a TRUE value if all the logical conditions are true a FALSE value if any or all of the logical conditions are false
AVERAGEIF function A function that calculates the average of values in a range that meet criteria you specify
AVERAGEIFS function A function that calculates the average of values within a range of cells that meet multiple conditions
Calculated column A column in a table that automatically fills with a formula after you enter or edit a formula in one cell of that column
Compare value A category for a lookup table that is located in the table's first column or row
COUNTIF function A function that calculates the number of cells in a range that match criteria you specify
COUNTIFS function A function that counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
Criteria range An area in a worksheet, separate from the range of data or table, used to specify the criteria for the data to be displayed after the filter is applied to the table
Database function A function that performs summary data analysis (SUM, AVERAGE, COUNT, etc.) on a table of values based on criteria you set
Error value Text displayed in a cell to indicate that some element in a formula or a cell referenced in that formula is preventing the return of a calculated value. Common ones are DIV/0!, N/A, and VALUE!
IFERROR function The function used to determine if a cell contains an error value and displays the message you chose rather than the default error value
Lookup table A table that organizes data you want to retrieve into different categories
Lookup value The value you are trying to find or retrieve from a lookup table
Nested IF function One IF function placed inside another IF function to test an additional condition
OR function A logical function that returns a TRUE value if any of the logical conditions are true or FALSE value if all the logical conditions are false
Rule A statement that specifies the type of condition, the type of formatting when that condition occurs, and the cellular range the formatting is applied to
Structured reference Table name or table column header that you can use in a formula in place of its cell or range reference
SUMIF function A function that adds the values in a range that meet criteria you specify; also called conditional sum
SUMIFS function A function that adds value in a range that meet multiple criteria
VLOOKUP function A function that searches vertically down a lookup table to retrieve a value from that table; used when the compare values are stored in the first column of the lookup table
Comment A text box that is attached to a specific cell in a worksheet; used for documentation or notes
Data validation A set of rules that determine what users can enter in a specific cell or range
Defined name A word or string of characters associated with a single cell or range
Digital signature An electronic version of a written signature that provides a way to authenticate a workbook
Error alert message A message that appears if a user tries to enter a value in a cell that does not meet its validation rule
Input message A message that appears when a user clicks a cell; can be used to specify the type of data to enter in the cell
Locked property A setting that determines whether changes can be made to a cell
Macro A series of stored commands that can be run whenever you need to perform the record task
Macro security A setting that control how macros will be used when opening a workbook
Macro virus A type of virus that uses a program's own macro programming language to distribute the virus
Module In VBA a collection of sub procedures
Name A word or string of characters associated with a single cell or range
Personal macro workbook A hidden workbook named Personal.xlsb that opens and stores commonly used macros
Protect worksheet To limit user access to certain parts of a workbook and the ability to make changes in the workbook to reduce data entry errors
Sub procedure In VBA, a macro procedure that performs an action on a project or workbook, such as formatting a cell or displaying a chart
Trust center A central location for all the security settings
Validation rule A statement that defines criteria for the data that can be stored in a cell or range
Visual basic editor A separate program that works with the products to edit and manage VBA code
Visual Basic of Applications (VBA) A programming language
Amortization schedule A file with details about each loan payment, specifying how much of the payment is devoted toward interest and how much toward repaying the principal
Balance sheet A file that shows what the company owns and how its assets are financed
Cash flow The movement of cash assets into or out of an account
Cash inflow Cash coming into a business from revenue
Cash outflow Cash paid out of a business
Cost of goods sold Any costs directly related to production of a tangible item
Declining balance depreciation Depreciation of an asset by a constant percentage each year rather than a constant amount
Dependent cell A cell whose value depends on the value of other cells
Depreciation The process of allocating the original cost of the investment over the years of use
Discount rate Time value of money, quoted as a percentage to indicate the value of future dollars
Error indicator A green triangle in the upper-left corner of a cell that contains an error or potential error
Extrapolate To calculate a series of values from a starting point without a defined ending point
FV function The financial function to calculate the future value of an investment or loan
Gross profit The difference between the company's sales revenue and the cost of goods sold
Growth trend When values change not by a constant percentage; when plotted, a growth trend appears as a curve with the greatest increases occurring near the end of the series
Income statement A file that shows how much money a business makes or losses over a specified period of time
Internal rate or return (IRR) The point at which the net present value of an investment equals zero
Interpolate To fill in missing values when you know the beginning and the ending values in a series and the series trend
Linear trend When values change by a constant amount; when plotted, a linear trend appears as a straight line
Negative cash flow The movement of cash assets out of an account
Net income Income after all expenses and taxes have been paid
Net present value The current value of all the cash inflows and outflows in an investment adjusted by the time value of money
NPER function The financial function to calculate the number of payment periods in an investment or loan
Payback period The length of time required for an investment to recover its initial cost
PMT function The financial function to calculate the amount paid into an investment or loan during each payment period
Positive cash flow The movement of cash assets into an account, also called cash inflow
Precedent cell A cell whose value is used to calculate the active cell's value
Profit and loss statement A file that shows how much money a business makes or losses over a specified period of time
PV function The financial function to calculate the present value of an investment or loan
Tangible asset A long lasting material asset not intended for sale, such as equipment, land, buildings and delivery trucks
RATE function The financial function to calculate the interest rate charged or received during each payment period
Rate of return The time value of money, also known as the discount rate
Risk The possibility that an entire transaction will fail, resulting in a loss of the initial investment
Time value of money The assumption that money received today is worth more than the same amount received later
Tracer arrow An arrow that provides visual clues to the relationship between two cells by pointing from the precedent cell to the dependent cell
Salvage value The value of an asset at the end of its useful life
Straight-Line Depreciation Depreciation of an asset by equal amounts each year of its lifetime until it reaches the salvage value
Created by: Jame Pearce