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SCI Syndromes

Spinal Cord Clinical Syndromes

TermDefinition
Central Cord resulting from hyperextension injuries and presenting as more UE deficits vs LE deficits
Brown-Sequard (hemi-section of cord) ipsilateral paralysis, ipsilateral loss of position sense, ipsilateral loss of discriminative touch, and contralateral loss of pain and thermal sense
Anterior Cord resulting from flexion injuries, bilateral loss of motor function, pain, pinprick, and temperature, with preserved light touch and proprioception
Posterior Cord least frequent, proprioceptive loss, with pain, temperature, and touch preserved. motor function preserved to varying degrees
Conus Medullaris sacral/lumbar nerve roots, resulting in LE motor/sensory loss and areflexic bowel and bladder; if lesion in sacral, reflexes may be preserved
Cauda Equina L1 and below, resulting in lower motor neuron lesion, flaccid paralysis, no spinal reflex, and a reflexic bowel and bladder
Created by: Casemace