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CUT5 1.6

Computers: Understanding Tech 5e 1.6

TermDefinition
smart device Any type of device or appliance that has embedded technology.
connected home A concept where numerous networked home devices provide specific, usually automated functions, and share data and media.
wearable computer A computer device that’s worn somewhere on the body—most often, on the head or wrist—and that typically provides mobile computing capabilities and Internet access.
handheld computer A dedicated small computer—such as one of today’s smartphones, tablets, or portable music or gaming devices—that can be operated in your hands to perform many of the same functions as a PC.
smartphone A cell phone that can make and receive calls and text messages on a cellular network, and that can also connect to the Internet via a cellular or wireless network and perform numerous computing functions, such as email and Web browsing.
tablet A computing device that is larger than a smartphone and generally used on your lap or on a table, and that can connect wirelessly to the Internet and perform computing activities. Also called tablet computer or tablet PC.
personal computer (PC) A self-contained computer that can perform input, processing, output, and storage functions. Also called computer. See also microcomputer.
desktop computer A PC that’s designed to allow the system unit, input devices, output devices, and other connected devices to fit on top of, beside, or under a desk or table.
portable computer A PC that’s small enough to be moved around easily. Sometimes called mobile computer. 28
laptop computer A type of portable computer that can fit comfortably on your lap and has a flat screen, and whose screen and keyboard fold together like a clamshell for easy transport. Sometimes called notebook computer.
notebook computer A newer term that emerged to describe smaller, lighter laptop computers. Often used interchangeably with the term laptop computer.
netbook A folding portable computer that is usually smaller and less powerful than a notebook and that is intended primarily for web browsing and emailing over the Internet. See also laptop computer and notebook computer.
ultrabook A high-performance class of small notebook computer that must use low-power Intel Core processors, has solid-state drives for storage, and features a durable unibody chassis. See also laptop computer and notebook computer.
workstation A high-performance, single-user computer with advanced input, output, and storage components.
server A powerful computer that’s capable of accommodating numerous client computers at the same time. Formerly known as a midrange server or minicomputer.
mainframe computer A computer that is bigger, more powerful, and more expensive than a midrange server, and that can accommodate hundreds or thousands of network users performing different computing tasks.
supercomputer An extremely fast, powerful, and expensive computer capable of performing quadrillions of calculations in a single second.
petabyte The equivalent of 1 quadrillion alphabet letters, numbers, or special characters (bytes). See also byte.
petaflop The equivalent of 1 quadrillion calculations per second.
Created by: softcrylic