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Brain vocab

Sheep brain review

middle of three layers (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord arachnoid mater
part of the brain that controls balance and muscle coordination; located inferior to the cerebrum cerebellum
channel connecting the third and fourth ventricles and containing CSF cerebral aquaduct
network of capillaries located in the roof of ventricles; contributes to production of CSF Choroids Plexus
large band of nervous tissue that connects the two cerebral hemispheres corpus callosum
outer portion of cerebrum cortex
region of the brain made up of the thalamus and hypothalamus diencephalon
tough connective tissue layer that serves as the outer layer of the meninges dura mater
areas of the brain and spinal cord containing cell bodies, dendrites, and unmyelinated axons; found in the cerebral cortex of the brain and inner portion of the spinal cord gray matter
folds of the cerebral cortex gyri
a region below the lateral ventricles; involved with emotional states and converting short term memory to long-term memory hippocampus
pituitary gland; controls a number of endocrine glands hypophysis
part of the diencephalon; inferior to the thalamus and responsible for regulation and maintenance of internal homeostasis by controlling body temp, appetite, fluid balance, etc. hypothalamus
the most inferior portion of the brain stem; contains centers for heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration. Also contains reflex centers controlling coughing, sneezing, hiccuping, etc. medulla
the part of the brain between the pons and diencephalon midbrain
contains cell bodies of neurons that synapse with neurons of the olfactory nerves olfactory bulb
crossing point of the optic nerves optic chiasma
innermost of the meninges layers pia mater
endocrine gland located in the roof of the third ventricle; secretes melatonin pineal body
anterior to the medulla; contains nerve tracts that connect the cerebellum with other parts of the brain and spinal cord pons
grooves between gyri of the brain sulci
part of the diencephalon, superior to hypothalamus; serves as a sensory relay center. thalamus
one of four cavities in the brain filled with CSF ventricle
bundles of myelinated axons within the brain and spinal cord; found in the inner portions of the cerebrum and outer regions of the spinal cord white matter
Created by: bertaka



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