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CNT3604_Ch_ 1

CNT3604_Ch_ 1 Q&A

QuestionAnswer
Alphanumeric data is represented by numbers, letters, and other characters. TRUE
The process of defining relationships among data to create useful information requires knowledge. TRUE
Forecasting is used to predict the strength of hurricanes and possible landing sites, future stock-market values, and who will win a political election. TRUE
Processing devices include computer chips that contain the central processing unit and main memory. TRUE
Procedures are the most important element in most computer-based information systems. FALSE – PEOPLE ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT
Business information systems are often integrated in one product and can be delivered by the same software package. TRUE
E-commerce is reserved mainly for consumers visiting Web sites for online shopping. FALSE – MAJOR VOLUME OF E-COMMERCE COMES FROM B2B
The primary benefits of implementing an ERP system include easing the adoption of improved work processes and increasing access to timely data for decision making. TRUE
A TPS can speed business activities and reduce clerical costs. TRUE
MISs typically provide standard reports generated with data and information from the TPS. TRUE
An executive support system helps top-level managers, including a firm's president, vice presidents, and members of the board of directors, make better decisions. TRUE
An executive support system can assist with strategic planning, top-level organizing and staffing,strategic control, and crisis management. TRUE
Expert systems allow robots and other devices to "see," store, and process visual images. FALSE
Natural language processing involves computers understanding and acting on verbal or written commands in English, Spanish, or other human languages. TRUE
Outsourcing allows a company to focus on what it does best and delegate other functions to companies with expertise in systems development. TRUE
The first two steps of systems development are systems analysis and design. FALSE – FIRST TWO ARE SYSTEMS INVESTIGATION AND ANALYSIS
The goal of systems implementation is to gain a clear understanding of the problem to be solvedor opportunity to be addressed. FALSE
The purpose of systems analysis and design is to check and modify the system so that itcontinues to meet changing business needs. FALSE – THIS IS THE GOAL OF SYSTEMS MAINTENANCE AND REVIEW
The term natural language refers to a knowledge of computer systems and equipment and the ways in which they function. FALSE
Autonomics is the study of designing and positioning workplace equipment. FALSE – THIS IS ERGONOMICS
A(n) ____ is a set of interrelated components that collect, manipulate, store, and disseminate data and information and provide a feedback mechanism to meet an objective. INFORMATION SYSTEM
____ consists of raw facts, such as an employee number, number of hours worked in a week,inventory part numbers, or sales orders. DATA
___ is a collection of facts organized so that they have additional value beyond the value of the facts themselves. INFORMATION
____ is the awareness and understanding of a set of information and the ways that information can be made useful to support a specific task or reach a decision. KNOWLEDGE
A ____ is any business-related exchange such as payments to employees, sales to customers, or payments to suppliers. TRANSACTION
A(n) ____ is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices used to record completed business transactions. TRANSACTION PROCESSING SYSTEM
A(n) ____ is a set of integrated programs that manages the vital business operations for an entire multi-site, global organization. ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING SYSTEM
A(n) ____ is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices that provides routine information to managers and decision makers. MIS – MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
A ____ is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices that support problem-specific decision making. DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM
The term ____ is used to describe a field in which the computer system takes on the characteristics of human intelligence. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
____ give the computer the ability to make suggestions and function like an expert in a particular field. EXPERT SYSTEMS
The expert system's ____ is the collection of data, rules, procedures, and relationships that must be followed to achieve value or the proper outcome. KNOWLEDGE BASE
____ is the simulation of a real or imagined environment that can be experienced visually in three dimensions. VIRTUAL REALITY
____ is the activity of creating or modifying business systems. SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT
____ determines how the new system will work to meet the business needs defined during systems analysis. SYSTEMS DESIGN
____ involves creating or acquiring the various system components (hardware, software,databases, etc.) defined in the design step, assembling them, and putting the new system intooperation. SYSTEMS IMPLEMENTATION
A(n) ____ is software or hardware that protects the computer system or network from outside attacks. FIREWALL
____ is the knowledge of how data and information are used by individuals, groups, and organizations. INFORMATION SYSTEMS LITERACY
Created by: drake811
 

 



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