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American Lit Esh 2

Exam 2 Study Sheet

Obfuscation Cloudy, Muddy, Unclear (Melville's morals, unreliable narrator, Dickinson's multiple meanings)
Lyric Subjective, Feelings, Thoughts, Opinions, Type of poetry, "opposite" to ballad.
Arabesque Geometric, Arab, unity of effect, foreign
Grotesque Twisted, spiritual, out-of-line yet doable
Silhouette Narrator The narrator is taught the story along with the reader (ex. Fall of House of Usher)
Bicameral Both natural and spiritual
Doppleganger Person's double (see Rip van Winkle)
Lingua Franca Common languages, vernacular, colloquialism
Barbaric Yawp Something Whitman said
Leitmotif Recurring idea, line, image or theme in a work
Oeuvre one's body of written work
Leitmotif of Whitman's Oeuvre describes the process of becoming
Egalitarian All types of people are represented and equal
Pastoral poetry Adulation of nature
Unity of effect Part of Poe's Principles of Composition, says that an entire work of composition should be consistent in its mood
Urbanism "Lifestyle of city dwellers" During the Romantic period, culture started to become centered in cities.
Empiricism To rely on one's senses to discover truth. Romantic authors add imagination, intuition, mystery
Rationalism Belief that ideas should spring only from reason and not religion or emotional response.
Organicism View that the entire universe is a united, living organism.
Macabre Dark, morbid, very influenced by culture of death. Poe's works.
Neurasthenia Acute sensory perception (Roderick Usher)
Hyperbolic Exaggeratory, larger-than-life, above normal human perception
Universality Philosophy that a deity is universally present
Allegory of the heart The theme of most of Hawthorne's works
Biblical Allusions references to the Bible or Bible stories in literature
Calvinism Bryant, Emerson, Melville, arguably Hawthorne
Refrain Poetic refrain of words or stanza
Jeremiad Puritanical sermon
Mere thinker/man thinking American Scholar: Emerson said that through embracing nature, a "mere thinker" could become "man thinking"/"the Scholar"
Locale Setting is important in "The Raven" (from Principles of Composition)
Escapism Rip Van Winkle journeying back into nature
Mexican-American War Thoreau was in opposition of the war, and expressed such through Civil Disobedience
Poll tax A tax every American adult was required to pay. Thoreau refused to pay it.
Sooty prodigy/sable muse Phillis Wheatley: naturally intelligent and dark-skinned
Apostrophe Addressed to something or someone not living
Overarching theme Each piece of literature has an "overarching theme," or a lesson that is present throughout the whole story
"reject generalizations" A basic idea of American Romanticism: "generalized truths falsify life"
Created by: keffer