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CNT3604_Ch_4 Glssary

CNT3604_Ch_4 Glossary

TermDefinition
application program interface (API) An interface that allows applications to make use of the operating system.
application service provider (ASP) A company that provides software support and the computer hardware on which to run the software from the user’s facilities over a network.
command-based user interface A user interface that requires you to give text commands to the computer to perform basic activities.
compiler A special software program that converts the programmer’s source code into the machine-language instructions which consist of binary digits.
computer programs Sequences of instructions for the computer.
documentation Text that describes a program’s functions to help the user operate the computer system.
enterprise sphere of influence The sphere of influence that serves the needs of the firm in its interaction with its environment.
graphical user interface (GUI) An interface that displays pictures (icons) and menus that people use to send commands to the computer system.
kernel The heart of the operating system which controls its most critical processes.
middleware Software that allows various systems to communicate and exchange data.
off-the-shelf software Software mass-produced by software vendors to address needs that are common across businesses organizations or individuals.
open-source software Software that is distributed typically for free with the source code also available so that it can be studied changed and improved by its users.
operating system (OS) A set of computer programs that controls the computer hardware and acts as an interface with applications.
personal productivity software The software that enables users to improve their personal effectiveness increasing the amount of work and quality of work they can do.
personal sphere of influence The sphere of influence that serves the needs of an individual user.
programming languages Sets of keywords commands and symbols and a system of rules for constructing statements by which humans can communicate instructions to a computer.
proprietary software One-of-a-kind software designed for a specific application and owned by the company organization or person that uses it.
service-oriented architecture (SOA) A modular method of developing software and systems that allows users to interact with systems and systems to interact with each other.
single-user license A software license that permits only one person to use the software typically on only onecomputer.
Software as a Service (SaaS) A service that allows businesses to subscribe to Web-delivered business application software by paying a monthly service charge or a per-use fee.
software suite A collection of single programs packaged together in a bundle.
syntax A set of rules associated with a programming language.
user interface The element of the operating system that allows you to access and command the computer system.
utility program Program that helps to perform maintenance or correct problems with a computer system.
workgroup Two or more people who work together to achieve a common goal.
workgroup application software Software that supports teamwork whether team members are in the same location or dispersed around the world.
workgroup sphere of influence The sphere of influence that serves the needs of a workgroup.
Created by: drake811