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ICT

Semester Test Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
Minicomputer Used by several people. Used by small to medium-sized organizations such as schools.
Ergonomics The study of the design of equipment and systems that people use.
Trademarks A name, symbol, or other feature that identifies a product with a specific owner.
Technology The use of science to solve practical problems.
Hacker A person who uses his or her expertise to gain access to other people's computers to get information illegally or do damage.
Personal Computer A computer that is used by one person at a time.
Virus A program intentionally designed to cause annoyance or damage to computer hardware or software.
Microprocessor The brain of the computer. Tiny computer chip that receives instructions and carries them out.
Telecommute To work from home or another location with the help of cell phones, fax machines, and the Internet.
Mainframe A computer that is used by thousands of people. Used by government agencies and large corporations.
Acceptable Use Policy Rules created to protect students and staff from dangers that can occur when using computers.
Bit The smallest unit of information, always a 1 or 0.
Byte The building block for all information that flows through a computer. It takes eight bits to make one of these.
Random Access Memory Temporary information a computer uses only when working on a particular file. It is erased when the computer is turned off.
Output Information a computer delivers back to a user.
Read Only Memory Permanent information storage on a computer. Memory that permanently stores data and that cannot be erased or changed.
Input Information a user enters into a computer.
Storage Device Similar to long-term memory, this is where a computer keeps important information. It can be a hard drive, a server, or a disk.
Internet An electronic communication network that connects computer networks and organizational computer facilities around the world.
Copyright Laws designed to protect intellectual property rights and to provide monetary rewards for inventiveness and hard work; protects works "fixed in any tangible form of expression."
Table A set of data arranged in a grid of rows and columns.
Active cell The cell you are working in.
Cell The space formed by the intersection of a row and a column; the basic unit of a worksheet.
Spreadsheet A grid of rows and columns containing numbers, text, and formulas used to perform calculations.
Row A horizontal group of cells in a worksheet identified by numbers.
Worksheet The work space made up of columns and rows where data is entered to create an electronic spreadsheet.
Column A vertical group of cells in a worksheet identified by letters.
Memorandum Written message used by individuals within an organization to communicate with one another.
Ethics A set of principles of conduct within an organization that guide decision-making and behavior.
Plagiarism An act or instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without authorization and the representation of that author's work as one's own, as by not crediting the original author.
Block style business letter A letter where all parts are lined up at the left margin.
Created by: cmccollum