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Java Terms

Java Programming Key Terms

TermDefinition
Float A java keyword used to define a floating point number variable
Void A java keyword used in method declarations to specify that the method does not return any value. It can also be used as a nonfunctional statement
Public A java keyword used in a method or variable declaration. It signifies that the method or variable can be accessed by elements residing in other classes
Java a high level programming language developed by Sun Microsystems
Array A collection of data items, all of the same type, in which each item’s position is uniquely designated by an integer
Loop lines of code that will repeat until a condition is met, of stays true, could be a do- while, for, or while loop
While A java keyword used to declare a loop that iterates a block of statements. The loop’s exit condition is specified as part of the while statement
Branch stores a new instruction address into the program counter
DC a direct current
Compiler a program to translate source code to be executed by a computer. The Java compiler translates source code written in the Java programming language into bytecode for the Java virtual machine
Variable An item of data named by an identifier. Each variable has a type such as int or Object, and a scope
INT A java keyword used to define a variable of type integer
IC A small chip holding billions of transistors
IT Information technology (IT) is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data, often in the context of a business or other enterprise
System.out.print a command that “prints” what you put in onto your string or in the application
Static A Java keyword used to define a variable as a class variable. Classes maintain one copy of class variables regardless of how many instances exist of that class. Static can also be used to define a method as a class method.
Main the starting point for the execution of the code in the application
Method A function defined in a class, unless specified otherwise a method is not static
String consist of zero or more Unicode characters that are immutable
Declare to state or define
JVM a software “execution engine” that safely and compatible executed the byte codes in Java class files on a microprocessor
Command to direct with authority, makes the program do something
Created by: santigallego9