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P031 Foundations

P013 Photography Foundations

QuestionAnswer
DAGUERREOTYPE An early photograph produced on a silver or a silver-covered copper plate; also : the process of producing such photographs.
EDWIN LAND Invented the first Instant Camera in 1947. Instant film camera photos were taken, pulled out of the camera and developed themselves in minutes.
FERROTYPES A photograph made by creating a direct positive on a sheet of iron metal that is blackened by painting, lacquering or enamelling and is used as a support for a collodion photographic emulsion.
FREDRICK SCOTT ARCHER Was the first to discover wet plate photography in 1851. Wet Plate coating glass plates instead of paper for the negative, then used a plastic like material called collodion.
GEORGE EASTMAN Developed the first flexible roll film in 1888. Silver based gelatin coated roll with paper backing to protect from light. Later started using celluloid a flexible plastic film. He was the first to mass produce a camera that anyone could use in 1900.
JOHANN SCHULZE Was the first to discover that silver nitrate is light sensitive in 1725. Certain silver salts changed from white to dark purple when exposed to light.
JOSEPH NIEPCE Is noted for the world's first permanent photograph in 1827. He made the first photo image by using a basic camera obscura to expose a light sensitive material on paper.
LATENT IMAGE A latent image on photographic film is an invisible image produced by the exposure of the film to light. When the film is developed, the area that was exposed darkens and forms a visible image.
LOUIS DIAGUERRE Invented the permanent photo in 1835 to mid 1870's. Accidental discovery silver on metal plates made light sensitive. If exposed to iodine vapor, then heated in fumes of hot mercury. The photo was then fixed using hot salt solution.
RICHARD MADDOX was the fist to discover dry plate photography in 1871. First dry plate negative, replaced wet collodion with a thin coat of gelatin and silver nitrate.
THOMAS EDISON Developed the first movie film in 1891. Motion picture film made from flexible plastic film.
TINTYPE A photograph made by creating a direct positive on a sheet of iron metal that is blackened by painting, lacquering or enamelling and is used as a support for a collodion photographic emulsion.
WILLIAM FOX TALBOT Discovered the process to make duplicate prints in 1835-1841. Silver coated paper was exposed with a camera, then coated with wax to make it semi-transparent negative.
Created by: dmaww