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# Scientific Laws

### Scientific Laws and descriptions

Term | Definition |
---|---|

BERNOULLI’S PRINCIPLE | The pressure exerted by a fluid decreases as its velocity increases |

BOYLE’S LAW | The volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure if temperature is held constant. |

CHARLES’ LAW | The volume of a gas is directly proportional to temperature if pressure is held constant. |

GAY-LUSSAC'S LAW | The pressure of a fixed amount of gas at fixed volume is directly proportional to its temperature in kelvins. |

COULOMB’S LAW | The force between two electric charges is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them and directly proportional to the product of their charges |

DALTON’S LAW | The total pressure of a gas mixture is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the components |

GRAHAM’S LAW | The rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molar mass |

HENRY’S LAW | The solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of the gas |

HESS’S LAW | The amount of energy generated from a chemical reaction is the same whether the reaction happens in one step or several steps. |

HOOKE’S LAW | The extension of a spring is proportional to the load placed on it. Or, stress is directly proportional to strain. |

HUBBLE’S LAW | Galaxies recede from each other with a velocity proportional to their distance. |

OHM’S LAW | Electric current is equal to the potential difference across the conductor divided by resistance (I=v/R) |

RAOULT’S LAW | When a substance is dissolved in a solvent, the solution formed will have a lower freezing point, higher boiling point, and less vapor pressure than the pure solvent. |

SNELL’S LAW | The ratio of the sine of an angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction is a constant. |

AVOGADRO'S LAW | Equal volumes of all gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules. It is, in fact, only true for ideal gases. |

Newton's laws of motion | Three physical laws that together laid the foundation for classical mechanics. They describe the relationship between a body and the forces acting upon it, and its motion in response to said forces. |

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caddotrouble