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Computer Ethics

Ethics and Responsible Use Terms

Plagiarism The act of copying someone else's work and publishing it as your own. This includes text, media, and even ideas.
Copyright The legal means of protecting an author's work. It is a type of intellectual property that provides exclusive publication, distribution, and usage rights for the author.
Piracy Committed by simply downloading or copying a program that a user has not paid for.
Public Domain A range of abstract materials which are not owned or controlled by anyone. These materials are "public property" and available for any purpose to anyone.
Cybercrime A criminal activity done using computers and the Internet.
Hacker Someone who can gain unauthorized access to other computers.
Virus Small programs or scripts that can negatively affect the health of your computer.
Worm A type of virus that replicates itself, but does not alter any files on your machine. This virus can multiply so many times that it takes up all available memory space.
Trojan Horse Software programs that masquerade as regular programs, such as games, disk utilities, and even antivirus programs. If they run, they can destroy your machine.
Antivirus Software is a type of utility used for scanning and removing viruses from your computer.
Back Door A means of disabling a system's security which is deliberately left by designers of the system, often to give access to service technicians or maintenance programmers.
Spoofing Tricking or deceiving computer systems or other computer users. Typically done by hiding one's identity or faking the identity of another user on the Internet.
Firewall Limits the data than can pass through it and protects a networked server or client machine from damage by unauthorized users.
Encryption Coding or scrambling of information so that it can only be decoded and read by someone who had the correct decoding key.
Spyware Captures information like Web browsing habits, e-mail messages, usernames and passwords, and credit card information.
Spam Refers to junk e-mail or irrelevant postings to a newsgroup or bulletin board.
Identity Theft Refers to fraud that involves stealing money or getting other benefits by pretending to be someone else.
Cookies Data sent to your computer by a Web server that records your actions on a certain Web site.
Adware Free software that is supported by advertisements.
Phishing The act of stealing your personal information. Emails are sent out that appear legitimate from such sites as E-Bay, PayPal, or banking institutions.
License Agreement A legal statement which indicates the terms under which a user may make use of a software product.
Backup A copy of one or more files created as an alternate in case the original data is lost or becomes unusable.
Restore Means to return something to its former condition.
Computer Ethics A set of moral principles that regulate the use of computers.
Computer Forensics The application of scientifically proven methods to gather, process, interpret, and use digital evidence to provide a description of cyber crime activities.
Created by: maddows