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respirationreview

questions from lab for review

QuestionAnswer
What are the three mechanisms that alone or in combination regulate alveolar pressure? Musculature, relaxation, airway resistance
Pressure which is generated entirely by passive forces Relaxation pressure
At resting expiratory level, relaxation pressure is... zero
During quiet tidal breating, relaxation following inhalation produces ________ relaxation pressure positive
Positive relaxation pressure provides the force for ________ exhalation passive
The forces of relaxation exert pressure until alveloar pressure is equal to atmospheric
Although relaxation pressure is generally considered an expiratory force, it may proide the force for passive inhalation at very ______ lung volumes. low
The relaxation-pressure curve graphically depicts the relationship between lung volume and ___________________ pressure. alveolar
At lung volumes above 38% vital capacity, inspiration is active
At lung volumes above 38% capacity, expiration is passive
At lung volumes below 38% vital capacity, inspiration is active
At lung volumes below 38% vital capacity, expiration is active
A broad sheet of tendinous tissue forming the attachment between a muscle and the part it moves aponeurosis
energy of position potential energy
membranous sac enclosing the heart pericardium
leglike part crura
an opening foramen/hiatus
drived from a word meaning partition diaphragm
aponeurotic portion of diaphragm central tendon
X-ray readiography
rib raiser levator costalis
between ribs intercostal
examination by feeling palpation
contraction of abdominal musculature to exhale air beyond that exhaled passively forced exhalation
recording changes in electric potential of muscle EMG
short breves
energy of motion kinetic
derived from a word meaning neck cervical
incomplete fusion of arches of the vertebral column spina bifida
derived from a word meaning footprint vestigial
derived from a word meaning loin lumbar
a lateral curvature of the spinal column scoliosis
derived from a word meaning cuckoo coccygeal
second cervical vertebrae axis
an upward projection of the body of the axis that provides a pivot around which the atlas and the skull rotate odontoid
the body of a vertebra corpus
first cervical vertebra atlas
an abnormally increased convex curvature of the lumbar region lordosis (swayback)
the leglike parts of vertebrae pedicles
hunchback; an abnormally increased concave curvature of the thoracic region kyphosis
derived from a word meaning sacred sacral
derived from a word meaning to turn vertebra
pertaining to chest; region above diaphragm and below the neck thoracic
a large canal in vertebra through which the spinal cord passes vertebral foramen
Created by: bertaka