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Definitons

Stack #165046

QuestionAnswer
Topical Petaining to a definite surface area; local.Generally refers to the application of a substance to the skin.
Anaphylactic shock An immediate allergic reaction characterized by acute respiratory disdress, hypotension, edema, and rash. Anaphylactic shock can be life- threatening.
Anticoagulant An agent that prevents or delays blood coagulation (clumping)
Hemophiliac A person afflicted with a hereditary blood disease marked by greatly prolonged coagulation time, with consequent failure of the blood to clot and abnormal bleeding, sometimes accompained by joint swelling.
Syncope A transient loss of consciousness resulting from an inadequate flow of blood to the brain. The patient expericence a generalized weakness of muscles, loss of postural ton, inability to continue standing, and loss of consciousness
Seizure A sudden attack of pain, a diease, or certain symptoms. An epileptic attack; convulsion.
Hematoma A swelling or mass of blood (usally clotted.)Confined to an organ tissue, or space that is caused by a break in a blood vessel.
Arterial blood Gas (ABGS) Literally,any of the gases present in blood. Clinically, the determination of levels in the blood of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Acide-Base Balance The mechanisms by which the acidity and alkalinity of body fluids are kept in a state of equilibruim so that arterial blood is maintained at approximately a 7.35 to 7.45ph level.
Collateral circulation A process allowing tissue to be suppiled with blood from an accessory vessel.
Arteriospasm arteria(artery)+spasmos (covulsion)=arterialspasm
Bacteriemia Bacteria in the blood
Septicemia The presence of pathigenic microoganism in the blood.
Anaerobic Pertaning to an anaerobe; able to live with out oxygen.
Aerobic Living only in the presence of oxygen. Concerning an organismliving only in the presence of oxygen.
Analyte A substance being analyzed, especially the method of chemical analysis.
Specific Gravity The weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of water. The specific gravity of water is 1.000.
Void To evacuate the bowels or bladder.
Catheterization Use or passage of a catheter into a part, chamber, or cavity.
Suprapubic located above the pubic arch.
Blood banking The process of collecting whole blood and certain derived componets for processing, typing, and storing until needed for transfusion.
DOnor unit A specific amount of blood, approximately 1 pint, supplied by a volunteer as part of a blood banking procedure.
Autologous Transfusion Transfusion of blood donated by a patient before surgery or collected from a patient during surgery.
Vascular acess device (VAD) Indwelling catheters are also called vasculars acess devices (VADS) VADS consist mainly of tubing inserted in to a main vein or artery is customarily the subclavian, which is located in the chest below the clavicle. VADS are usally inserted for administer
Central venous catheter (CVC) A catheter inserted into the superior vena cava to permit intermittent or continous monitoring of central venous pressure and to facilitate collecting blood samples foe chemical analysis.
Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) Catheter inserted into the pheripheral venous system (veins of an extremity) and then threaded into the centrial venous system.
Arterial line A hemodynamic monitoring system consisting os a catheter in an artey connected to pressure tubing, a transducer and an electronic monitor It is used to measure systemic blood pressure and to provide ease of access for the drawing of blood for study of gas
Infection The process and growth of a microoragnism that produce tissue damage.
Microorganism A minute living body not perceptible to thr naked eye, such as bacterium or protozoan.
Microbe A unicellular or small multicellular microscopic organism not visbile to the naked eye.
Nonpathogenic A microbe which is nondiease producing
pathogenic Capable of causing disease
Pathogen An organism or substance capable of causing a diease, condition, or infection
Chain of infection A sieries of related events that lead to an infection.
Causative organism The organism responsible for causing an infection.
REservoir Host Any person, animal, arthropod, plant, soil, os substance in which an infecectious agent normally lives reproduces ans depends on for survival that allow transmission to a suscepyible host. IN ESSENCE a reservoir host is breedind ground for transmission of
Carrier A person who harbour a specific pathogenic orgaism has no discernible symptoms or sign of the diease condition or infection and is poteneially capable of spreading organism to others.
Means of exit The route microorganisms can take to leave a host eyes, mouth, nose, open wound, blood
Susceptible Host A person who has little resistance to an infectious disease.
Means of Transmission The method by which microorganism can be transmitted from one host to another. The five main routes of transmission are contact ,droplets, airborne,common vechicle, and vector-borne.
personal protective equipment (PPE) Disposeable glovew lab coats aprons and or protective face gear such as mask, goggles,with side shields, required by OSHA to be worne when handling body fluids.
Nosocomial Infection acquired in a hospital
CBC LAVENDER
CMP GOLD SST
DILANTIN PLAIN RED
TROPONIN MINT/GREEN
CKMB MINT/GREEN
H&H LAVENDER
LIPASE GOLD SST
MAGNESIUM GOLD SST
ANTIBODY SCREEN PLAIN RED
D-DIMER LIGHT- BLUE
TSH GOLD SST
SICKEL CELL LAVENDER
LIPID PANEL GOLD SST
GLOUCOSE FASTING GOLD SST
HIV PLAIN RED
TYPE& SCREEN PLAIN RED
PT/PTT LIGHT BLUE
BMP MINT/GREEN, GOLD, SPECAL
BETA GOLD SST
SED RATE LAVENDER
ABG ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES
CBC COMPLET BLOOD COUNT
CMP COMPREHENSIVE METABOLIC PANEL
BMP BASIC METABOLIC PANEL
HCT HEMATOCRIT
HBG HEMOGLOBIN
BUN BLOOD UREA NITROGEN
HCG HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN
HIV HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS AGENT
K+ POTASSIUM
Mg MAGNESIUM
Na+ SODIUM
PT PROTHROMBIN TIME
PTT PARTIAL THROMBO- PLASTIN TIME
RBC RED BLOOD CELL COUNT
SED-Rate or ESR ERYTHROCYTE SEDIMINTAION RATE
STEP STREPTOCOCCUS
T&C TYPE AND CROSS MATCH
TSH THYROID PROFILE
UA URINALYSIS
WBC WHITE CELL COUNT
T&S TYPE &SCREEN
BC BLOOD CULTURE
C&S CULTURE& SENSITIVITY
CRP C-REACTION PROTEIN
Created by: jonestiffanyl