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Computer Basics

TermDefinition
Application Software A type of software that includes programs that help people do certain tasks.
Binary Code A language a computer can understand. Made up of a series of ones and zeros.
Boot A process of starting or resetting a computer.
Byte Stands for a single character of data.
Central Processing Unit A silicon chip that processes data and carries out instructions given to the computer. Also known as the microprocessor.
Compact Disc An optical storage device that uses laser technology to store information.
Computer Device that can store, retrieve, manipulate, and process data to produce and outcome.
Floppy Disk A magnetic, non-rigid storage device that can be used to store data and transport it to another computer.
Graphical User Interface Allows people to select text, icons, and menu items on the computer screen to choose commands and files and to start application software.
Hard Drive A storage device that reads and write data to and from a round, rigid disk in the computer
Hardware The physical equipment of the computer. Includes input devices, the CPU, output devices, and memory.
Headphones An output device that produces sound.
Information Technology The use of technology tools, including computer systems and telecommunications, to input, store, process, and communicate information.
Input Device A device through which a computer takes in information.
Keyboard An input device that is used to type text and command the computer
Modem A device that sends and receives information via telephone to and from the computer.
Monitor An output device that displays text, objects, graphics, photographs, and videos on a screen.
Mouse A hand-held pointing device that controls the cursor
Network Two or more computers linked together to share files, software, and resources.
Operating System Manages how a computer's hardware and CPU communicate, manage files, and run software.
Output Device A device through which a computer sends out information.
Peripherals Additional components besides the main parts of the computer.
Printer An output device that transfers information to a hard copy.
Processing A basic computer function that refers to when a computer uses information.
Program A series of ordered instructions that can be done by the computer. Also called an application or software.
Random Access Memory A number of small silicon chips inside a computer that holds information that is being used by the CPU as long as the computer is turned on. Also known as short term memory.
Read Only Memory A small bit of memory that stays in the computer when it is turned off. Allows the computer to boot up, holds instructions on how to load operating system.
Scanner An input device that is used to change images into information that a computer can read.
Software A set of instructions that makes computer hardware work.
Storage A basic computer function that refers to when information is saved in the computer.
Created by: goodebf