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Computer Basics

Computer Basics Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Application Software A type of software that includes programs that help people do certain tasks.
Binary Code A language a computer can understand.
Boot The process of starting or resetting a computer
Byte A single character of data.
Central Processing Unit (CPU) A silicon chip that processes data and carries out instructions given to the computer. Also known as the microprocessor.
Compact Disc An optical storage device that uses laser technology to store information.
Computer A device that can store, retrieve, manipulate and process data to produce an outcome.
Floppy Disk A magnetic, non-rigid storage device that can be used to store data and transport it to another computer. It is encased in a plastic sleeve to protect it's data.
Graphical User Interface Allows people to select text, icons, and menu items on the computer screen to choose commands and files and start application software. It makes computers user friendly.
Hard Drive A storage device hat reads and writes data to a from a round, rigid disk in the computer.
Hardware The physical equipment of a computer.
Headphones An output devices that produces sound.
Information Technology The use of technology tools, including computer systems and telecommunications, to input, process, and communicate information.
Input Device A device through which a computer takes in information.
Keyboard An input device that is used to type text and commands into a computer.
Modem A device or type of expansion card that sends and receives information via telephone to and from a computer.
Monitor An output device that displays text, objects, graphics, photographs, video, and animation on a screen.
Mouse A hand-held pointing device that controls the cursor.
Network Two or more computers linked together to share files, software, and resources, such as printers.
Operating system
Output device
Peripherals
Printer
Processing
Program
Random Access Memory
Read Only Memory
Scanner
Software
Storage
Created by: HannahHarlow23