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Computer Basics

TermDefinition
Application Software A type of software that includes programs that help people do certain tasks
Binary Code language a computer can understand. made up of 1's and 0's
Boot The process of starting or restarting a computer
Byte A single character of data. a GB equals 1,000,000,000 bytes of data
Central Processing Unit a silicon chip that processes data and carries out instructions given to the computer, also know as a microprocessor
Compact Disk An optical storage device that uses laser technology to store data
Computer A device that can store, retrieve, manipulate and process data
floppy disk magnetic storage device. Enclosed in a plastic sleeve
Graphical user interface allows people to select text, icons, and menu items to choose commands and files to start apps`
Hard Drive storage device that reads and writes data from round disks in the computer
Hardware physical equipment including cpu, hard drive, monitor, kayboard
Headphones output device that emits sound
Info tech use of tech tools refereed to as it
Input device device that send info to the computer
output device device that receives info from the computer
Modem type of expansion card type of expansion card that receives info via telephone to and from a compter
monitor output device that displays computer
Mouse hand held device, controls the cursor
Network a link between two or more computers to share files
Operating system System software that manages the whole computer
Keyboard an input device that is used to type
Peripherals secondary components of the computer such as printers and scanners
Printer an output device that transfers info on hard copies such as paper
Processing a basic computer function, when a computer uses information
program also called an application or software, a series of ordered instructions
Random access memory A number of silicon chips that holds information thats being used by the cpu. short term memory
Read only memory a small bit of memory, lets the computer boot up. tells computer how to begin to load its OS
Scanner input device that scans images and papers to a computer
software known as programs or applications
Storage refers to when information is saved on a computer
Created by: georgeallen5