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Computer Basics Vcb

TermDefinition
Application Software type of software that includes programs that help people do certain tasks
Binary Code language computer can understand; made up of a series of 1's and 0's
Boot process of starting/resetting a computer
Byte stands for a single character of data; uses same prefixes as metric system
Central Processing Unit (CPU) silicon chip that processes data and carries out instruction given to the computer; aka microprocessor
Compact Disc (CD) optical storage device that uses laser technology to store information; read by a CD-ROM drive in a computer and can hold the equivalent of 500 floppy discs
Computer device that can store, retrieve, manipulate and process data to produce an outcome
Floppy Disk magnetic, non-rigid storage device that can be used to store data and transport if to another computer; encased encased in a plastic sleeve to protect data
Graphical User Interface (GUI) allows people to select text, icons, and menu items on the computer screen to choose commands and files and to start application software; makes computer user friendly
Hard Drive storage device that reads and writes data to and from a round, rigid disks in the computer
Hardware physical equipment of a computer; includes input devices, CPU, output devices, and memory; main parts are the CPU, monitor, keyboard, and mouse
Headphones output device that produces sound
Information Technology use of technology tools, including computer systems and telecommunications, to input, store, process, and communicate information; referred to as IT
Input Device device through which a computer takes in information; include keyboards, mouse, and scanners
Keyboard input device that is used to type text and commands into a computer
Modem device or type of expansion card that sends and receives information via a telephone to and from a computer
Monitor output device that displays text, objects, graphics, photographs, video, and animation on screen
Mouse hand-held pointing device that controls the cursor
Network 2+ computer linked together to share files, software, and resources, such as printers
Operating System most important type of system software that manages how a computer's hardware and the CPU communicate, manage files, and run application software
Output Device device through which a computer sends out information; include monitors, printers, and speakers and headphones
Peripherals additional components besides the main parts of the computer such as printers and scanners
Printer output device that transfers information to a hard copy, such as paper or a transparency
Processing processing is a basic computer function that refers to when a computer uses information
Program aka application/software; series of ordered instructions that can be done by a computer
Random Access Memory (RAM) number of silicon chips inside a computer that hold information that is being used by the CPU as long as the computer is turned on; aka short-term memory, it forgets everything it knows when the computer is turned off
Read Only Memory (ROM) small bit of memory that stays in the computer when it is turned off; lets the computer "boot up" or get started; holds the instrucutions that tell the computer how to begin to load its operating system
Scanner input device that is used to change images into information that a computer can read
Software set of instructions that makes computer hardware work; aka programs or applications
Storage basic computer function that refers to when information is saved in a computer
Created by: CSheppard