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Human disease

human disease OT

Human disease123456
Definitions Health ( complete state of physical, mental and social well being) Disease ( objective state, demonstrated by observable structural or functional abnormality) Illness ( subjective state- experienced by the individual as the presence of symptoms wellness- a state characterized not only by absence of disease or manifestations but also by minimizing modifiable risk factors (blank) (blank)
Epidemiology cause and distribution of disease in population morbidity - disease occurence ( incidence- rate of disease or # of cases in time ) ( prevalence- density or total # of cases) morbidity is derived from ( hospitalization records, clinic visits, patients interviews, reported absences) Mortality- death (blank) (blank)
Etiology cause of a disease specific agent (virus, bacteria, fungus, rickettsia)) traumatic event mechanisms in interaction between organisms and environmentr ( tsunami, bomb) genetic multifactorial
pathophysiology pathogenisis ( clinical course of a disease) morphology ( structural changes in tissue and cells of involved organism) explains structural and functional changes (blank) (blank) (blank)
clinical manifestations in cludes signs and symptoms of disease physical signs ( observed by health professional symptoms- subjective description of patients feelings (blank) (blank) (blank)
Outcome prognosis- expected outome actual outcome should be CURE- complete eradication of the disease for those without cure the desired outcome is REMISSION- eradication of any clinical manifestation of disease absence of cure can leave a patient with chronic disease or disability- goal should be to minimize signs and symptoms and sloww progression of the disease (blank) (blank)
classification organ system affected age of the patient etiology includes IATROGENIC- treatment induced and IDIOPATHIC- those without known mechanism (blank) (blank) (blank)
clinical intervention prevention - identification of risk factors reduction of risk factors through advocacy and education pertaining to behavioral and lifestyle change (blank) (blank) (blank) (blank)
treatment intervention aimed at acheiving the optimal outcome of disease DEFINITIVE THERAPY- designed to achieve cure or remission PALLIATIVE therapy- designed to alleviate clinical manifestations EMPIRIC THERAPY- when mechanism is unkown or uncertain, treatment is employed because it works or appears to work (blank) (blank)
INFECTIOUS DISEASE ETIOLOGY bacteria viruses parasites fungus (blank) (blank)
Infectious disease risk factors decreased immune functions like transplant patients, those who are undergoing chemotherapy for cancer, AIDS presence of other disorders like CVA, DM, cardiac problems malnutrition prematurity in infants smoking (blank)
infectious disease manifestations fever malaise headache pains ( muscle or joint) anorexia signs and symptoms referable to organ involvement
infectious disease diagnostic measures CBC ESR culture and sensitivity test x ray (blank) (blank)
infectious disease treatment antibiotics based on culture and sensitivity test analgesics antipyretics supportive therapy ( cooling blankets) (blank) (blank)
Created by: natkat