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ST240 T5

Exam 5 240

QuestionAnswer
What part of the heart receives deoxygenated blood? RIGHT ATRIUM
What valvular lesion is the most common? MITRAL STENOSIS
What vessel is used during a CABG to increase blood supply to the heart? INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY
What is the role of the pump oxygenator? ASSUMES THE ROLE OF THE HEART AND LUNGS DURING CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS
What is a single artery arising from both ventricles? TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS
How many true ribs do we have? 7
What is the intra-aortic ballon pump used for? CIRULATORY SUPPORT AFTER CARDIAC PROCEDURES
Whtais the carina? WHERE THE TRACHEA DIVIDES INTO RIGHT AND LEFT BRONCHII
Which tube is used to evacuate air/re-establish negative pressure when two chest tubes are placed inot the plural cavity? UPPERMOST TUBE
What is cardiac catheterization? PASSAGE OF A CATHETER INTO THE HEART THROUGH THE BRACHIAL OR FEMORAL ARTERY FOR IMAGE INTENSIFICATION
What protects the heart from damage during cardiopulmonary bypass? HYPOTHERMIA
What is the common complaint in patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm? CHEST PAIN
Why is hypothermia used in cardiac surgery? REDUCE OXYGEN CONSUPTION
What is required when transporting a patient with closed water-seal drainage? MUST HAVE CHEST TUBE CLAMPS AT ALL TIME
What organ lies within the mediastinum slighly to the left? HEART
What image is the best to check the size of the heart and great vessel configuration? AP AND LATERAL X-RAYS
What vessels are used in a coronary artery bypass? SAPHENOUS VEIN AND INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY
What does oxygenated blood leave the lung through? PULMONARY VEINS
What position is used for mediastinoscopy? DORSAL RECUMBENT
How many lobes does the right lung have? 3
Where do the coronary ateries arise from? AORTA
What is thoracic outlet syndrome? COMPRESSION OF THE SUBCLAVIAN VESSELS AND THE BRACHIAL PLEXUS BY THE FIRST RIB
Is bronchoscopy considered sterile or non-sterile? NOT-STERILE
What is the pacemaker of the heart? SA NODE
Where do the bronchi, pulmonary arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels enter the lung? HILUM
What is pneumonectomy? REMOVAL OF THE LUNG
What heart defect is most common in children? TETRALOGY OF FALLOT
What closes after birth in the fetus when placental circulation is eliminated? DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS
What incision is most commonly used for heart surgery? MEDIAN STERNOTOMY
What type of cautery should be used on patients with a pacemaker? BIPOLOR ESU, WITH THE PATIENT RETUN ELTRODE APPLIES TO THE PATIENT
During cardiopulomonary bypass, where in the heart is the cannula placed for venous cannulation? RIGHT ATRIUM
What part of the heart pumps blood intot the aorta? LEFT VENTRICLE
What are alveoli? MICROSCOPIC AIR SACS AT THE END OF THE BRONCHIOLE
What procedure is perfomed on a pediatric patient with a foreing body in the tracheobroncial tree? BRONCHOSCOPY
What are some cyanotic defects? TRANSPOSITION OF THE GREAT VESSELS, TRICUSPID ARTRESIA, AND TETRALOGY OF FALLOT
What hemostatic agent is placed on the cut edges of the sternum after a median sternotomy? BONE WAX
What is ventricular septal defect? ABNORMAL OPENING BETWEEN THE RIGHT AND LEFT VENTRICLE
Where is the pacing generator placed in a pacemaker insertion? UPPER ANTERIOR CHEST WALL IN THE SUBCUTANEOUS LAYER
What can you expect in a decortication of the lung? LARGE AMOUNTS OF BLEEDING
Where do the coronary veins emty? CORONARY SINUS
What part of the heart pumps blood into the pulmonary artery? RIGHT VENTRICLE
What is used to trim the bone edges after a rib is removed? STILLE-LUER RONGEUR
What is mediastinoscope used for? VIEW LYMPH NODES OR MASSES IN THE SPACE THAT SEPARATES THE PLEURAL CAVITY
What is decortication of the lung? REMOVAL OF FIBRINOUS DEPOSITS ON THE PARIETAL AND VISCERAL PLEURA
What are the most commonly used sutures for cardiovascular surgery? PTFE, DACRON, AND PROLENE
What should be done if a patient is having a cardiac arrhythmia, especially if its ventricular fibrillation? DEFIBRILLATE
What is the purpose of the chrdae tendinae? PREVENTS VALVES FROM SWINGING BACK INTO THE ATRIA
What is a pnumothorax? ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF AIR IN THE PLEURAL CAVITY
What is an atrial and ventricular rate of less that 60 beats per minute? BRADYCARDIA
Wat can you anticipate using a lobectomy? CHEST TUBES AND A WATER SEAL DRAINAGE SYSTEM
What is another name for the bundle of HIS? ARTRIOVENTRICULAR BUNDLE
What position is used for a lobectomy? POSTEROLATERAL
What is compression of theheart due to collection of blood or fluid in the pericardium? CARDIAC TAMPONADE
What is systole? CONTRACTION PHASE
What system is used for closed water-seal drainage? PLEUR-EVAC
What are theparts of the sternum from superior to lateral? MANABRIUM, BODY, AND XIPHOID PROCESS
What is the primary disease of the miocardium, and is of unknown wtiology? CARDIOMYOPHATY
What is bleb? OUTPOUCHING OF ALVEOLAR SAC WHICH CAUSES A RUPTURE THAT RESULTS IN A PNUMOTHORAX
What is an atrial and ventricular rate of 100 beats per minute of more? TACHYCARDIA
What is a bailey used for during an open thoracotomy? TO REAPPROXIMATE THE RIBS
What is chest wall deformity that results in prominet sternum? PECTUS CARINATUM
What is another name for the bicuspid valve? MITRAL VALVE
What is chest wall deformity that results in funnel-shaped chest? PECUTS EXCAVATUM
Created by: acortez87